# 2, 2020

Avionics, aircraft electrical systems, aircraft navigation complexes and methods for their exploitation

Savel’ev A. S.

Neretin E. S.

The main purpose of civil aviation is to provide economical, reliable and safe flying. The integrated (fly-by-wire) control system and autopilot system are among the most important aircraft systems. The fly-by-wire control system includes, among other things, controls in the cockpit – yokes (Boeing) and side sticks (Airbus, Irkut, Sukhoi). The side sticks are nowadays a priority in cockpit controls development due to increase of cost-effectiveness compared to the yokes. The rigidly connected yokes provide force feedback for the pilots both in automatic and in manual control modes.   When using the side sticks the pilot has no force feedback because there are no mechanical connections. This has a negative influence on flight safety.  To solve the problem active side sticks are being developed and implemented nowadays. The active side sticks are not certified for any large civil airplanes. The aim of the paper is to give a preliminary assessment of safety of tracking the autopilot signals by the active stick in accordance with   SAE ARP 4761 and SAE ARP 4764A recommendations.

Key words: active controls, control systems, flight safety, fault tree analysis, assessment of functional hazards.

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Translation Theory and Practice

Ostrikova G. N.

Kravchenko N. V.

The article is devoted to peculiarities of translation of eponymous terms. The study aims at giving an overview of common translation techniques for German eponymous geological terms and the problems occurring during their translation. The authors also give recommendations for effective translation of eponyms.

Keywords: geological terminology, eponyms, translation of eponyms.

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Text analysis

Dubnyakova O. A.

Ivanova A. G.

The article presents a study of the image of Joan of Arc in the work “Mystery of the Charity of Joan of Arc” by a French writer Charles Péguy (1873-1914), poet, playwright and journalist; as well as the important role of the grammatical means used by the writer to create the image of the Maid of Orléans.

Keywords: anticlericalism, Joan of Arc, French grammar, Christian literature, Charles Péguy, socialism.

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Actual problems of languages and cultures of Far East countries

Wang Xuejiao

Today ’s world political and economic landscape has undergone profound changes. The “Belt and Road” initiative has followed the trend of the times. The construction of the “Belt and Road” requires a large number of “Chinese + professional” talents with an international perspective. This puts forward new requirements for the development of Chinese international education in the new period. Chinese international education needs transformation and development to meet the needs of the “Belt and Road” construction.

Keywords: One Belt One Road, Times background, Chinese international education, Chinese + major, transformation, development.

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Tatarenko T. V.

The article concerns with approaches to the interpretation of Chinese basic characters by Xu Shen and by a number of modern linguists. There is realized comparative analysis of interpretation of basic characters in the “Shuo wen jie zi” dictionary and interpretations based on new linguistic information. It attempts to make a complex analysis of diachronic and synchronic interpretations through the prism of Ancient China’s cultural specificities.

Key words: Xu Shen, Shuo wen jie zi, interpretation, Chinese basic characters, Chinese radical, the Han Dynasty era.

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Ye Hui

Pronunciation teaching is the most basic and the earliest content of teaching Chinese as a foreign language, so the quality of pronunciation directly affects the interest of students in learning Chinese and the quality of Chinese pronunciation in the future. This article mainly analyzes the errors that Russian students are prone to when learning Chinese pronunciation and the reasons for the errors, trying to find some solutions for Chinese pronunciation teaching, and hoping to improve Russian students’ ability to learn Chinese pronunciation. The article seeks to provide some help and inspiration to reduce their mistakes in learning Chinese pronunciation.

Keywords: Russian students; Chinese pronunciation; error analysis; error causes; solutions.

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Discourse and Text: vectors of research

Racheev N. O.

Kozlova E. A.

The article is devoted to the issues of speech influence and interaction, namely the metaphorical conceptualization of reality and the hypnotic potential of а metaphor in professional business discourse. The review of the literature is devoted to metaphors in psychology and linguistics. The experiment of metaphor application in the sphere of small business management is described. The authors come to the conclusion about the effectiveness of hypnotic metaphor usage in management.

Keywords: linguistic manipulation, hypnotic metaphor, human resources management, communication efficiency, persuasive discourse, hypnosis, trance.

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Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

Fedorov A. V.

Levitskaya A. A.

Novikov A. S.

The authors of the article offer the following media technology that resists manipulation: 1) the audience should understand that any ambiguous event (the more so, the current coronavirus epidemic) is instantly surrounded by false or conspiracy rumors, accusations, speculations, false news; 2) to help the audience to understand how exactly the preliminary engagement of a person influences what and how he searches, accepts, spreads in the media sphere (and in the circle of personal communication); 3) teach the audience not only to get media information from different sources, but also to compare different points of view on the problem, rather than to make an instant judgment (often false) about the information just received from an unverified source; 4) help the audience gain experience of qualified analysis of media information coming from a variety of sources reflecting different points of view.

Keywords: media education, CIS countries, media literacy, media competence.

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Chelysheva I. V.

The article presents the experience of organizing and conducting a series of workshops on the development of interethnic tolerance of youth by means and on the material of media education based on the key theoretical concepts of media education (aesthetic, sociocultural, the development of critical thinking, semiotic, etc.), which are most prevalent in Russia and abroad at the present stage. The author presents and analyzes the methods, forms, technologies and approaches of media education aimed at developing interethnic tolerance of students from domestic and foreign media education which can be a promising basis for further successful development in Russian conditions.

Key words: media education, interethnic tolerance, media competence, media culture, student youth.

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Salny R. V.

The paper analyzes the studies in the field of media education during the 2018-2020 period. The main modern tendencies and theoretical approaches in media education outlined for the past few years are identified and presented in the paper. An attempt is made to find interdisciplinary foundations for their synthesis.

Key words: media education, model, media technologies, media criticism, language of media, concepts of media.

* This paper was written with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) as part of research project No. 18-013-00022 “Mass Media Education in the CIS Countries (1992-2020)”, carried out at the Rostov State University of Economics.

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Lozanova L.

Young people are active users of social media, not only in Bulgaria but also in the world. In this article results from research on the way social networks influence the values of upper school students from Shumen, Bulgaria are discussed. 

Keywords: social media, networks, values, students.

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Dicheva E.

In the article, based on the traditions of family education and the analysis of modern problems, the author substantiates the possibilities of the family in the social education of teenagers in it by means of ethnopedagogics. The concepts of social competence and ethnopedagogics are considered. The main directions and methods, forms and means of ethnopedagogics used in family education for building humanistic relationships between adolescents and the social environment in the modern era are presented.

Keywords: adolescent, social education, ethno pedagogy, traditions of education, family, family education.

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Theoretical and practical issues of foreign languages teaching

Zankova A. A.

The article views some peculiarities of teaching foreign languages to adults in non-formal education, as well as the difficulties that language instructors encounter teaching Russian as a foreign language. The author distinguishes the significant aspects that should be taken into consideration in order to teach adult learners effectively in non-formal education.

Keywords: non-formal education, andragogy, adult learners, Russian as a foreign language (RFL).

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Primary education: theory and practice

Sodnomov S. Ts.

Nowadays, few or almost no methodological works or recommendations on organizing Buryat language lessons or Buryat language literary reading in primary school have been published. The international informational and analytical journal “Crede Experto: transport, society, education, language” is the only one where a primary school teacher working in a Buryat school, a Buryat language and literature teacher can find recommendations in the Buryat language.

This article was written upon the teachers’ request, so it is practice oriented. The article deals with the specifics of teaching the expressive reading of lyric poems to young learners at literary reading lessons in the Buryat language in the Buryat school.

Keywords: literary development in the Buryat language, the development of oral speech of young learners, expressive reading, speech rhythm, keyword, reader’s emotion, artistic sense, poetic sense, expressive means of oral speech.

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Issues of Philosophy

Egorov A. V.

The paper examines the author’s critical attitude and judgments on Nietzsche’s theory of the will to life and power.

Keywords: will, life, philosophy, God, Christianity, superman, religion, power, culture, good, evil.

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State and law

Sidorova E. Z.

Anti-suicidal state policy refers to the purposeful activities of state and local self-government bodies aimed at combating suicide. One of the levels of state policy in the field of suicide prevention is the Federal level. State policy is manifested in the adopted and implemented legal acts. Analysis of a number of Federal documents aimed at combating suicides showed that many issues at the national level in this area are still not resolved.

Key words: suicide; suicidal behavior; suicide prevention; anti-suicidal measures; suicide prevention levels.

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