# 3, 2020

Aircraft, aircraft engines and methods of their operation

Skorobogatov S. V.

The requirements for an aircraft engine as a whole are significantly influenced by processes inside its combustor. As justification for the nomenclature of operational requirements is based on some laws of effects of different parameters, it is necessary to carry out a factor analysis of the processes inside the combustor for revealing these laws both without any heat effect on the flow kinetics and with it during fuel combustion. For this purpose, an integrated system of forming external appearance of the research object has to be built and this, in its turn, implies its fragmentation into separate locations and detailed elaboration of the combustor block-diagram piece by piece. Then the results from separate parts have to be matched and integrated into a unified system for coherent configuration of the research object and during calculations this is the system which is under the factor analysis. The factor analysis of both the intermediate and final results of optimization according to the chosen criteria allows justifying the list of operational requirements necessary for the desired level of simulations. The article presents the factor analysis of processes in the inlet of the trapped vortex combustor.

Key words: combustor, aircraft gas-turbine engine, operational requirements, justification of requirements, factor analysis.

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Skorobogatov S. V.

Design and production of aircraft gas-turbine engines and their components is a high-scale and complex process. As separate branches of science develop, technological innovations are implemented and feed-back of their use is received, the design-and-production chain gets more complicated as well. On the one hand, this gives an opportunity to improve the product due to implementation of new ideas and approaches in its design, on the other hand, this brings about growth in the knowledge-intensity and increases the cost of the final product. In its turn, need for improvement of the product is required by the system of continued airworthiness with its standards improving over time as well.

Key words: combustor, aircraft gas-turbine engine, operational requirements, method of justification for requirements, airworthiness.

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Avionics, aircraft electrical systems, aircraft navigation complexes and methods for their exploitation

Brusnikin P. M.

Dudkin S. O.

Neretin E. S.

The paper analyzes the concepts of avionics, the principles of creating complexes of avionics equipment and existing analogues of on-board maintenance systems (OMS). The architecture of the OMS, its functional software and hardware for civil aircraft is proposed. OMS developed on the basis of integrated modular avionics (IMA) will allow you to unload the cable network of the aircraft, increase the reliability of the system as a whole, and simplify the work with OMS for the ground maintenance personnel.

Key words: civil aircraft, integrated modular avionics, on-Board Maintenance System, distributed architecture, avionics.

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Lituev N. A.

Savelev A. S.

Neretin E. S.

Integrated flight control system of a civil aircraft safety requirements validation process using means of model-based design is considered. The necessity for correct Functional Hazard Assessment is explained. Hardware and software needed for the problem are described. Complex mathematical model structure and human machine interface are provided.

Key words: model-based design, control systems, flight safety, requirements validation.

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Budkov A. S.

Neretin E. S.

The work is devoted to the analysis of problems in performing the four-dimensional routes, as well as the development of the architecture of a decision support system for simplified procedures of flying in emergency situations during the flight. The developed architecture allows the crew to be provided with the necessary information for decision making in instrument meteorological conditions as well as in conflict situations with other air traffic participants.

Key words: Civil aircraft, integrated modular avionics, flight management system, 4-D navigation, decision support system.

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Discourse and Text: vectors of research

Krivchenko I.B.

Mustafaeva L.P.

The paper focuses on the analysis of indirect evaluation and its linguistic means in the modern English political discourse. Emotionally coloured words, which are frequent in the political speeches of the English and American politicians, stylistic devices they employ and communicative strategies and tactics which lie in the basis of any political speech may be used to express evaluation indirectly. The authors claim that it is indirect evaluation which prevails nowadays in the political communication held in the English language.

Key words: political discourse, political speech, evaluation, indirect evaluation, linguistic means of evaluation.

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Rusak O. V.

The article analyzes the linguo-stylistic techniques that ensure the occurrence of a comic effect in one line poems by Leonid Libkind. Numerous examples show that phraseological units, which for stylistic purposes are used both without changes and in a transformed form, have ample opportunities for creating a laughable tonality. The author reveals the stylistic potential of polysemants, оmonyms, paronyms, synonyms, violation of lexical coherence, and occasional words.

Keywords: comism, language game, literalization of the meaning of phraseologism, structural transformations of phraseological units, pun, paronymic attraction, occasionalism.

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Literary Criticism

Mueller C. A.

This study presents current trends in approaches to modeling the future in German, Austrian and Russian literature. It becomes obvious that there are differences in the focal points: while Russian future literature deals with the achievements and issues of technological progress, German and Austrian authors concentrate on the sociological and philosophical implications of the technology-based transformations of society. A specialty of Russian future literature is the replication of online games in the written literature.

Key words: Literary Studies, Comparative Studies, Contemporary Literature, Russia, Germany, Austria

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Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

Mikhaleva G. V.

The article presents the experience of organizing and conducting scientific and practical online workshops from the series “Modern methods and technologies for fostering interethnic tolerance of university students (within the framework of Russian and English-language media education)” aimed at developing interethnic tolerance and culture of modern youth by means of media education based on key media education theories (sociocultural, critical autonomy, semiotic, etc.) widely used in practical media work in Russia and abroad. The author presents specific methods and techniques of media education, as well as exercises that were used to analyse ethnic stereotypes in the student audience.

Key words: media education, interethnic tolerance, student youth, ethnic stereotype, discrimination, racism.

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Muryukina E. V.

The article considers the media educational model on the radio material, which has synthesized the educational and ethical and practical utilitarian groups. We relied on the experience of the media teacher G. Y. Dorf. The purpose of the media educational model is harmonious training and education of students using school radio. The functions, organisational form and structure of the media education model are presented. The main content was presented by the following blocks: study of young radio operators; forms of radio speech; study of announcers; culture of radio speech; from newspaper to school air; school affairs – the main theme of radio programs.

Key words: media educational model, 1980s, USSR, school radio, G. Y. Dorf, purpose, content, structure.

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Salny R. V.

The article analyzes the experience of implementing media education in Moldova based on a review of key events and trends. The content of the new textbooks on media education intended for students of the 3rd – 4th, 7th – 8th and 10th – 11th grades is described. The problem of the bias of their authors is revealed.

Key words: media education, Moldova, critical thinking, propaganda, media, manipulation, digital literacy. 

* This article was written with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) as part of research project No. 18-013-00022 “Mass Media Education in the CIS Countries (1992-2020)”, carried out at the Rostov State University of Economics.

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Salny R. V.

The article analyzes the development of a civic approach in media education in the CIS countries. The author presents a comparative analysis of the options for the concepts of media educational projects proposed by the researchers in the CIS countries and identifies their distinctive features.

Keywords: media education, civic approach, CIS, media, ideology, critical thinking, manipulation. 

* This article was written with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) as part of research project No. 18-013-00022 “Mass Media Education in the CIS Countries (1992-2020)”, carried out at the Rostov State University of Economics.

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Primary education: theory and practice

Sodnomov S.Ts.

The Buryat folk tale is a treasure of folk wisdom. It is distinguished by the depth of ideas, rich content, poetic language and a high educational potential.

The author’s experience of working in expert commissions and observing lessons devoted to the study of folk tales at literary reading lessons in the Buryat language showed that teachers do not pay much attention to the structure of fairy tales and do not adequately analyze them. A lesson in literary reading turns into a lesson of reading and retelling a fabulous text. Therefore the paper offers a comprehensive approach and the principle of a holistic analysis of Buryat folk tales at the lessons of literary reading in the Buryat language.

Key words: folk tale, folk wisdom, integrated approach, the principle of holistic analysis, methods of reading and analyzing fairy tales, structure of a fairy tale, literary reading.

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Problems of linguodidactics

Trubina Z. I.

The paper deals with the formation of students ‘ pronunciation skills. The content of teaching phonetics and the methodology of using authentic audio materials (audiobooks, podcasts, radiobroadcasts) in foreign language lessons in primary school are clarified. The achievements of methodological science in the aspect of pronunciation training are briefly presented.

The phonetic skill is considered through the prism of the dispute on the possibility/impossibility of its approximate formation in primary school in a non- language environment. The author proves that it is possible to master the skills of correct pronunciation in everyday educational practice, provided that authentic audio materials are used.

Key words: phonetic minimum, phonetic skills, primary school, authentic audio materials, audiobooks, podcasts, radiobroadcasts.

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Methodology and theory of pedagogy

Omelchuk I. N.

Kozyrev N. A.

Kozyreva O. A.

The article presents the definitions and models of the concept of “pedagogical modeling”, defines the pedagogical conditions for the qualitative solution of the problems of pedagogical activity using the method of pedagogical modeling. The specifics of building a scientific and pedagogical search and scientific research in pedagogical activity is determined by the possibility of a qualitative solution to the problems of personality development in the model of lifelong education, this practice can be enhanced in the constructs of the formation of a culture of independent work of an individual.

The possibilities of a teacher’s productive formation can be visualized in qualitatively solved problems of scientific research, the specifics and nuances of this practice are usually reflected in scientific publications of both future teachers and experienced teachers.

Keywords: technology of system-pedagogical modeling, culture of student’s independent work, culture of independent work of the teacher, culture of independent work of the individual, pedagogical modeling, pedagogical methodology.

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