# 3, 2016

A word to the readers

Иванова Людмила Анатольевна,
начальник центра дополнительного профессионального образования ИФ МГТУ ГА, кандидат педагогических наук, доцент.

Вышел в свет третий в этом году номер Международного информационно-аналитического журнала «Crede Experto: транспорт, общество, образование, язык».

Читать далее


UDC 004.588 BBK 74.5

Chokoj V. Z.

The article presents the author’s packet of tool skins for an ECM enabling to simulate technological processes in air transport systems during aircraft maintenance. The tool skins implement mathematical models as a base for different Markov processes.

The presented tools of mathematical modeling are supposed to be useful along with the educational process for operating organizations which are interested in the issues of optimization and management of technological processes.

Key words: mathematical model, air transport system, Markov processes, Markov sequences, Markov chains, reproduction and death processes, mean-value dynamics method.

Download article in PDF (321.6 kB)

UDC 004.588 BBK 74.5

Chokoj V. Z.

The author considers ECM tools enabling to solve the problems of optimizing the structure and operating modes of civil air transport systems. The tools are mathematically rested on the apparatus of the waiting theory. The tools functionality provides modeling the multi-channel and  separated,  opened and completed waiting systems, waiting systems without queues or with the various queuing disciplines, waiting systems with different sources and characteristics of service requests. 

The tools for multi-aspect modeling of waiting systems are supposed to find application not only in the educational process, but also in the real experience of civil air transport systems.  

Key words: air transport system, waiting theory, request flow, request servicing mode, waiting system

Download article in PDF (429.4 kB)

UDC 004.588 BBK 74.5

Chokoj V. Z.

The article presents the mathematical approach to simulating the operation processes of complex organizational and technical systems (such as aviation enterprises) as well as the review of functional capabilities and main interface solutions on the simulating tools package. The tools enable to expand the range of problems to be solved for analysis and optimization of waiting systems typical for aviation enterprises.

The simulating tools are supposed to find application not only in the educational process, but also in the real experience of operation and research organizations of civil aviation. 

Key words: air transport system, simulating, random number generator, generation of flows with the desired distribution law, waiting system.

Download article in PDF (367.0 kB )


UDC 81.00 BBK

Danilenko V. P.

This article is dedicated to the depiction of a spiritual-cultural A.M.Gorky’s image. In this image the author reveals the aspiration of a great Russian writer for atheism (religion), truth (science), the beautiful (art), kindness (morality), justice (policy) and unity (language).

Key words: A. M. Gorky, spiritual culture, religion, science, art, morality, policy, language.

Download article in PDF (232.5 kB)

Discourse and Text: vectors of research

UDC 81-133 BBK 81.41

Varnavskaya E. V., Varnavsky V. S.

The article presents the results of historical and etymological analysis of words «brick» and «cement» as concepts of construction terminology. The article describes the dynamics of their formation according to synchronous cut in the process of language development. The history of the genesis and evolution of these concepts are considered in association with the general process of formation of building science.

Historical and etymological analysis of terms presented in this study was conducted based on a diachronic approach of terminology research. Attracting new text sources allowed recreating the history of the formation of these terms and linking their past with the present.

Keywords: historical terminology, construction terminology, terminology of the construction discourse, the term evolution.

Download article in PDF (189.9 kB)


UDC 811.51 BBK 81.2-03

Novgorodov I. N., Efremov N. N., Gainutdinova A. F., Ishkildina L. K.

Abstract: Background. This article is about the Leipzig–Jakarta list of the language of the Crimean Tatars. Authors come to a conclusion that the Crimean Tatar language is more similar to the Oghuz Turkic languages according to the Leipzig–Jakarta list than the Kipchak languages.

Materials and Methods. Research materials are the most resistant words (the Leipzig–Jakarta list) of the Turkic languages. The most resistant words were written out of the dictionaries of the Turkic languages. In this survey, the comparative method is used as the main method.

Results. Words of the Leipzig–Jakarta list of Crimean Tatar in comparison with the Oghuz and Kipchak languages are revealed.

Discussions. Previously, the Crimean Tatar language was considered to have belonged to the Kipchak group of the Turkic languages that also included the Tatar, Bashkir and other languages. Authors disagree with this statement and consider the Crimean Tatar language to be more similar to the Oghuz languages than the Kipchak ones.

Keywords: language, the Leipzig-Jakarta list, Crimean Tatar, Oghuz, Kipchak.

*A research was prepared at North-Eastern Federal University within the framework of the project № 14-04-00346 on “The Leipzig-Jakarta list of the Turkic languages” theme supported by the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation.

Download article in PDF (260 Kb)


UDC 398.224 BBK 84.2

Nissinen M. K.

Elias Lönnrot (1802-1884), a linguist and folklorist, created «Kalevala», the national epic of Finland, in the XIX century. As a result, during several travels to Eastern Finland and over the border to Russian Karelia, as well as to Estonia, he collected and put together at first 32, and afterwards 50 runes telling about the rise of a mystic country of Kalevala. In Kalevala, the inhabitants are fighting under the guidance of old and wise Väinämöinen – the leader of the people – against Pohjola, a land of evil, for a magic grinder Sampo that brings wealth and well-being to its owners.

«Kalevala» introduces us to ordinary people as well as people of a different kind – most of the protagonists in the epic – that have special abilities: Väinämöinen can drive his opponents into a swamp just by singing and playing “kantele”, blacksmith Ilmarinen forges Sampo and mighty Lemminkäinen is fighting against all. «Kalevala» also tells us, among other things, about love, hate and friendship, how the world was born and iron and steel were emerged.

«Kalevala» has had in many ways a great influence on Finnish culture and the life of Finnish people. When in the XIX century, the Finnish as a nation with own identity, language and culture was starting to become a reality, it was necessary to have a book that would be telling about the great past of the people. «Kalevala» in a certain way accomplished this.

Key words: Kalevala, national epic, Elias Lönnrot, Sampo, Väinämöinen

Download article in PDF (220.0 kB )


BBK 83.3(4Фра)6-445 UDC 821(4).09

Vikulova L. G., Gerasimova S. A., Makarova I. V., Esina A. V.

Article is devoted to a cultural phenomenon – classical work A. de Saint-Exupéry “Little Prince”. The problem of reader’s and viewer’s perception of the philosophical fairy tale is considered. Interaction and synthesis of different types of arts which supplement is analyzed and expand ideas of works of the writer and his literary reputation.

Keywords: philosophical tale; literary reputation; the reader and the viewer’s perception.

Download article in PDF (402.7 kB)

Area studies and Asian studies

UDC 33339 BBK 65.049

Khokhlova E. V.

Gold has always been one of the most important metals in the history of humanity that had influenced different countries’ cultural, economical and industrial development. Starting from ancient times China has used gold in various spheres and today the level of its consumption has increased. In this article the author traces the main role of gold in China’s development and reveals biggest problems in accumulating of gold reserves in China.

Key words: gold, China, history, economic, ecology.

Download article in PDF (237.0 kB)

At the Crossroads of Opinions

UDC 314.7 ББК 65.37

Vaschuk A. S.

The article deals with a historical scenario of the relations between State and business to the Far Eastern territories on the base of the concept of International Transport Corridor (ITC) in dynamics. It analyzes the character of participating the administration of Primorsky krai in realizing Project Primorye-2 that could play a role of locomotive in the development of Khasansky region of Primorsky krai. It includes a part of national transport system connected with Chinese province Jilin through Hanchun and Kraskino with ports of Zarubino, Posiet and Slavianka. It presents an appreciation of a single case “Pacific development (razvorot)” “Primorye-1” and “Primorye-2” on the base of the method of comparison of designs and the character of its realization, and also the factor of participation of Russia in Greater Tumen Initiative (GTI). It determines the problems of state-private partnership in Far Eastern current history.

Key words: Russia, People’s Republic of China, Far East, Khasan region, “Pacific Development of Russia”, international transport corridors, project “Primorye-2”.

Download article in PDF (231.5 kB)

Problems and practice of technical education

UDC 004.588 BBK 74.5

Karavaev Ju. A., Hodackij S. A.

The article presents the analysis of the conditions necessary for students’ successful acquirement of learning levels “to know”, “to be able”, “to possess”. It shows the opportunities to activate the cognitive work of students on “Technical diagnostics” discipline due to the use of case-technologies. The authors demonstrate expedience of a procedure trainer enabling to diagnose functional systems of An-148 aircraft using the onboard maintenance system.

On the base of illustrative material of the article the work sequence for the procedure trainer is shown

Key words: activation of cognitive work, case-technologies, procedure trainer, computer learning technologies.

Download article in PDF (297.8 kB)

Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Muryukina E. V.

The article deals with Russian sites on the media critic. It shows that most of Internet resources are designed for a mass audience. There is a multitude of genres mediocrities publications. On the territory of the Russian Federation the media critic in the Internet space develops all types distinguished by A. P. Korochensky: popular, academic and corporate (professional).

Keywords: websites, internet, media criticism, Russia, audience, genres, media education.

Download article in PDF (308.7 kB)

UDC 37.022 BBK 74.58:73

Khlyzova N. Yu.

The article deals with the issues to form media competence of the secondary language personality from the point of view of integrated purpose of media education and teaching foreign language. It gives its structure and main components based on the analysis of language personality structure researches.

Keywords: media competence of the secondary language personality, media education, foreign language.

Download article in PDF (156.7 kB)

UDC 316.77:001.8 BBK 60.55.325.1:60.55.57

Chelysheva I. V.

The article deals with the problems of audiovisual works of media culture of mass communications, in particular – television broadcast images of reality allowing for any distance, which changes the idea of the sensory perception of the world.

Keywords: media culture, audiovisual media, television and the visual image.

Download article in PDF (132.8 kB)

UDC 004.738.5 BBK 32.973.202

Chelyshev K. A.

This article presents an analysis of the creative media education tasks performed in the student audience to identify the level of media insight with reliance on interpretative / evaluative indicator of media competence of the individual. The author gives examples of student work carried out at different levels of development of media competence, given their estimation and characterization.

Keywords: media texts, media education, media competence, student audience.

Download article in PDF (190.3 kB)

Theoretical and practical issues of foreign languages teaching

UDC 811(075.8) BBK 81.2Англ.

Veretennikova A. Y.

The article covers methodically reasonable structure of the English textbook for the trainees of MVD higher education institutions in terms of the present teaching process competency model.

Key words: teaching of foreign languages, communicative competency, teaching techniques, theory of communication.

Download article in PDF (138.1 kB)

UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

L. N. Puzeikina, V. B. Rebikov

Bad pronunciation can damage even good knowledge of foreign language making the speech absolutely incomprehensible for the interlocutor. The reduction of academic teaching hours for phonetics in modern foreign language teaching programs (or even complete absence of this subject) can be compensated by innovative methods of teaching foreign languages, for example, e-learning platform Moodle. Experience of practical usage of such course is presented in this article.

Key words: German studies, teaching the German language, phonetics of the German language, e-learning, blended learning

Larisa N. Puzejkina

St. Petersburg, Russland

Valerij B. Rebikov*

St. Petersburg, Russland


Eine schlechte Aussprache kann auch gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse zunichte machen und die Rede für den Gesprächspartner ganz unverständlich machen. Im Zusammenhang mit der Streichung der Unterrichtsstunden zum Studium der Phonetik in den gegenwärtigen Studienprogrammen für Fremdsprachenstudium (oder sogar mit dem vollkommenen Fehlen dieses Unterrichtsfaches), können diese Verluste durch neue, innovative Methoden des Fremdsprachenunterrichts wieder gutgemacht werden, zum Beispiel durch LMS Moodle. Dieser Artikel ist das Ergebnis der Erfahrung, die bei der Anwendung eines solchen Kurses gewonnen wurde.

Schlüsselwörter: Germanistik, Deutschunterricht, Phonetik, Netzbegleitung, Distanzunterricht**

* Die Autoren danken herzlich unserem Kollegen, Herren Dr. Oliver Pfau für seine freundliche und unersetzbare Hilfe bei der Korrektur des vorliegenden Artikels und für die Teilnahme an den phonetischen Aufnahmen des Phonetischen Einführungskurses. Der beste Dank gilt auch Frau Esther Machhein für Ihre Leistung bei den Aufnahmen des Kurses.

** Das Thema war in Form eines Impulsreferates bei der XXXI. DAAD-Germanistikkonferenz „Neue Wege der Fachdidaktik“ in Pjatigorsk (15.-17.05.2014) vorgestellt.

Download article in PDF (600.9 kB)

Actual issues of vocational pedagogy

UDC 378.147 BBK 65.011

Shutova T. A.

В статье рассмотрены компоненты процесса формирования экономического мышления, удовлетворяющие современным требованиям. Обосновано, что рассмотренные в статье педагогические технологии как средство развития экономического мышления личности будущего авиационного инженера не позволяют добиться полного достижения одновременно всех учебных целей. Показано, что для формирования экономического мышления и развития экономически значимых качеств личности авиационного инженера требуются новые педагогические технологии, более тесно сочетающие педагогические аспекты с «жизненными смыслами».

Ключевые слова: экономическое мышление; экономические компетенции; экономически значимые качества личности; педагогические технологии.

Download article in PDF (112.2 kB)

УДК 377 ББК 74

Lapina O. A., Savel’eva D. V.

The article provides an analytical overview of the possible approaches to the understanding of the term «life-purpose values of the future professionals». It describes the trends and prospects of development of relations to the profession by the future specialist within the meaning of life.

Keywords: meaning of life, values, value orientation, life-purpose values, self-educational activity

Download article in PDF (143.0 kB)

UDC 377.8 BBK 78.234.569

Ivanova K. L.

The article is devoted to the problem of the organization of students’ independent work and the implementation of its control in the conditions of the college educational environment. The components of the information environment, information services, which allow to realize controlled independent work of students in the information-educational college environment are described. The article is also provided information about the specificity of students ‘ independent work in the global educational space.

Keywords: independent work of students, information educational environment, FSES.

Download article in PDF (140.9 kB)

UDC 377.5 BK 74.214.22

Lovcov. O. N.

The article deals with the issues of monitoring. Federal state educational standards of secondary professional education, the Federal law “About Education in the Russian Federation” No. 273-FZ from December 29, 2012 cause changes in the professional education organizations. They enhance educational content, give new approaches to the organization of teaching and educational process, methods of interaction between an industrial training master and students. Various innovations are studied and approved, the monitoring role raises. The article describes a studying system of students’ good breeding within an academic year in «ИКАТ и ДС».

Key words: monitoring; industrial training master; secondary professional education; diagnostics; good breeding level; work system.

Download article in PDF (246.9 kB)

UDC 378+13 BBK 74.200

Nikitina E. A.

The article under consideration shows the formation of the concept “pedagogical monitoring” in Russia. In our national historical and pedagogical literature there is a large spread of the standpoint according to which the term “pedagogical monitoring” was brought into pedagogy in the early 70th last century. Meanwhile, on the basis of the various sources in XIX – beginning of XX centuries we can see a great use in the literature and pedagogical practice such concepts as “study of pupils”, “study of a child”, “children’s behaviour supervision”, “study of children”, “diagnosis upbringing”, etc.

Key words: pedagogical monitoring, diagnosis upbringing, study of children, methods of study, supervision method, method of natural experiment, pedagogical forecasting.

Download article in PDF (341.5 kB)

Psychological and pedagogical follow-up of learning activity in modern education

UDC 159.95+372.3/4 BBK 74.3я73+88.я73

Murashova I. Yu., Yelizova A. V.

The article discusses the results of the study of the  connection between the features of polymodal perception of second-formers with the development  of digraphia errors in writing. The article also characterizes in detail the specificity of the tendency of the connection between the features of polymodal perception with the dysgraphia errors in the primary school age; these data will help to develop effective programs of speech correction.

Keywords: polymodal perception, individual structure of perception, junior schoolchildren, dysgraphia, digraphia errors, leading modality, non-dominant modality of perception, the profile type of polymodal perception.

Download article in PDF (140.5 kB)

Conference proceedings

UDC 65.656.7 BBK 65.37

Karpacheva T. A., Vishniakova A. A.

The article deals with the pecularities of civil aviation flights and the benefits of charter transportation for customer and air carrier. There is an analytical review of the  Russian airlines performace and the activities of the regional company “IrAirlines” that specialise in charter transportation.

Key words: regular flight, charter flight, charter transportation market, charter aircompany.

Download article in PDF (152.1 kB)

UDC 527 BBK 39.471-5

Babich S. I.

The article deals with the improvement of the traditional sextant to measure differences between altitudes and azimuths of two stars. It gives the advantages of modernized sextant to carry out the observation. It shows the algorithm of the direct calculation of observed coordinates based on the measured differences between altitudes and azimuths.

Keywords: modernized sextant, principle of operation, direct calculation of coordinates of observed position.

Download article in PDF (175.7 kB)

UDC 621.452.3:53.082.56 BBK 39.55:22.345/.346

Stepuk T. D., Pavlinsky G. V.

The article gives the assessment of the aviation engine technical status based on intensity of the flush x-ray fluorescence from its filter element. The evaluation rests on dependence of x-ray fluorescence analytical signal on the size of metal particles in the flush. The number of the large particles characterizes the level of wear of the engine.

Key words: x-ray fluorescence; aviation engine technical status; flush from filter element; impact of the size of particles on intensity; wear processes.

Download article in PDF (156.6 kB)

First Steps in Science

UDC 329.78(091) BBK 66.75

Stremilova A. V.

The article deals with the political activity of young people, formation of youth political institutes in the Russian Federation, influence of political parties on the development of youth political organizations.

Key words: youth political organizations, political organizations, youth.

Download article text in PDF (148.1 kB)