# 2, 2019

A word to the readers

Уважаемые читатели и авторы публикаций, позвольте мне от имени Редакционного Совета и редколлегии международного информационно-аналитического журнала «Crede Experto: транспорт, общество, образование, язык» открыть второй номер в 2019 году и поздравить уважаемого Олега Анатольевича Горбачева, члена редакционного Совета нашего журнала по направлению 05.00.00 – Технические науки с замечательным юбилеем!

Дар руководителя (об О. А. Горбачеве)

13 июня 2019 года исполняется 60 лет директору Иркутского филиала МГТУ ГА О. А. Горбачеву. В связи с 60-летием Олега Анатольевича, конечно, нельзя не отметить огромную его заслугу, большую и продуктивную роль в развитии и процветании Иркутского филиала МГТУ ГА.

Следует отметить, что именно в непростое время для российских вузов, период непрерывных реформ и модернизационных процессов в 2003 году Олег Анатольевич возглавил Иркутский филиал МГТУ ГА. Анализируя вышеназванный период с 2003 по 2019, период руководства филиалом вуза Горбачевым Олегом Анатольевичем, приходит осознание того, что благодаря профессионализму руководителя наш филиал не только выстоял, но и продолжает свое развитие.

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Aircraft, aircraft engines and methods of their operation

UDK 629.5.03-843.8 BBK 74.5

Karavaev Y.A.

Hodackij S.A.

The article presents general approaches to forming an estimation procedure of the residual operation life of the bypass turbojets operated on civil aircraft for long periods of time by taking actual operating conditions into account. With the example of D-436-148 aircraft engine having the standard control program the authors analyze how the size of turbine-blade tip clearances influences the rate of exhaustion of a bypass turbojet module – the gas turbine. A fraction of moving blade damage on takeoff is proposed to be used as a parameter defining the rate of exhaustion of the gas turbine.

Key words: gas-turbine engine lifetime, turbine-blade tip clearances, durability of moving blades, creep.

Download article in PDF 447.8 kB


UDK 654.02  BBK 39.278

Halikov A. A.

Urakov O. Kh.

The article discusses the existing networks of operational communication system using IP technology and analyzes the efficiency of their use in railway transport, in the Joint Stock Company Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY JSC). In addition, conceptual fundamentals of IP – telephony technology are presented on the development of efficient methods for transmitting data using digital communication systems of on-line dispatcher control, ensuring the continuity of the process of controlling the movement of railway transport.

Keywords: research, result, railway, IP-technologies, operational communication system, dispatch communication.

Download article in PDF 247.8 kB

Literary Criticism

UDK 82-121 BBK 80/84

Verkhovykh I.A.

The article discusses the various psychodrama techniques used by M. I. Tsvetaeva in the lyrical satire «Pied Piper». The author draws attention to the marked reciprocity of the text by Tsvetaeva, which seems an attempt to talk with herself. In this regard, Tsvetaeva violates stylistic unity, employs various syntactic markers and nonce-words. The author pays special attention to the analysis of the techniques of the personification of inanimate objects and their transformation. The author comes to the conclusion about the psychodrama nature of Tsvetaeva’s poetry.

Keywords: Psychodrama, reciprocity, bifurcation, effectiveness, associative chaos, syntactic markers, nonce words, improvisation, personification, transformation.

Download article in PDF 241.3 kB


UDK 811.11-112 BBK 81.2

Portnova T.Yu.

The aim of the article is to analyze the interrelation of syntax and semantics of paired designations in the modern German language. The author describes the peculiarities and main principles of structural and semantic organization of paired designations using the semantic-syntactical law of ranking, which says that there is semantic hierarchy in the syntactical constructions and the word order reflects a particular hierarchy of parameters embodied in people’s consciousness. 

Key words: paired designations, ranking, word order, logic of the relationship between large and small quantities.

Download article in PDF 218.3 kB

Discourse and Text: vectors of research

UDK 81.42 BBK 81.2

Savina I. V.

Krivchenko I. B.

The paper deals with the analysis of the verbs of communication within the discourse of modern English drama. Lingvosynergetic aspects of such verbs in the plays  of  modern authors of English-speaking countries can be seen both in the dialogue of the plays and in author’s remarks. Due to the synergetic potential of the above mentioned verbs the two constituents of the play begin to interact and influence each other.

Key words: discourse of modern English drama, lingvosynergetic approach, verbs of communication.

Download article in PDF 233.5 kB

Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

UDK 791.43 BBK 85.373(2)

Katrich  (Shahanskaya) A.J.

In this article using the cinema “Balamut” (“Troublemaker”) (1978) as an example is made the hermeneutical analysis of the specific Soviet audiovisual media text about a school and a higher education institution at media educational classes. The author adhered to the hermeneutical analysis methodology of the media texts developed by A. Silverblet [Silverblatt, 2001] and U. Eko [Eko, 2005], with the support of media education key concepts. Examples of creative tasks for realization in student’s audience are also given.

Keywords: media education, hermeneutical analysis, cinema, USSR, feature film, school, higher education institution, students.

* This article is written within the framework of a study financially supported by the grant of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF). Project № 17-18-01001 «School and university in the mirror of the Soviet, Russian and Western audiovisual media texts», performed at Rostov State University of Economics.

Download article in PDF 515.7 kB

UDK 791.43 BBK 85.373(2)

Katrich (Shahanskaya) A.J.

In this article using a comedy TV series “Fizruk” (“Рhysical education teacher”) (2014-2016) as an example is made the hermeneutical analysis of the specific Soviet audiovisual media text about a school and a higher education institution at media educational classes. TV series on the theme of school and higher education institution designed mainly for the youth audience have an entertaining character and low artistic value. Nevertheless,   they can be interesting for hermeneutic analysis in the student audience in historical, ideological, socio-cultural and other contexts.

Keywords: hermeneutical analysis, media education, student, school student, school, higher education institution, teacher, media text, TV series.

* This article is written within the framework of a study financially supported by the grant of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF). Project 17-18-01001 «School and university in the mirror of the Soviet, Russian and Western audiovisual media texts», performed at Rostov State University of Economics.

Download article in PDF 337.7 kB

UDK 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Mikhaleva G.V.

The article deals with the problem of using audiovisual media texts about schools and universities in internet studies.  Analysis of Russian and foreign practical experience in implementing audiovisual media texts shows that media education ought to develop students’ habits of skepticism towards online content based on critical analysis of audiovisual texts.

Keywords: media education, media text, university, school, internet, audiovisual text, website, online content, “viral” video, media project.

Download article in PDF 265.2 kB

UDK 37.013.43 BBK 74.03(2)

Muryukina  E.V.

The main changes with their significant impact on modern media education in Russia occurred during the years of “perestroika” are examined in the article. They allowed expanding the methodological foundations of media pedagogy. Such a methodological basis transformation was based on the existing objective prerequisites: practical results were often ahead of the theoretical foundations; the USSR’s withdrawal from isolation in relation to Western studies. The changes laid down in the period of “perestroika” became the basis for modern media education in our country.

Key words: reforms, history, theoretical foundations, methodologic, USSR, media education, «perestroika».

Download article in PDF 195.6 kB

UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73 Ch 411

Chelysheva I.V.

The article discusses the media educational opportunities of audiovisual media texts on school and student topics. To this end, the article presents a review of scientific publications on the problem under study, the results of scientific papers on the methods and technology of media education. The analysis was based on the scientific works of Bazalgette, A. Silverblatt, U. Eco backed by the key concepts of media education: media agencies, media / mediatext categories, media technologies, media languages, media representations, media audiences.

The study presents practical aspects of organization of media education classes including literary-analytical, imitation-creative, theatrical-role-playing creative tasks on the material of audiovisual media texts on subjects of school and university.

Keywords: hermeneutic analysis, audiovisual media text, methods and technology of media education, students, schoolchildren.

Download article in PDF 290.5 kB

UDK 378.184 BBK 74.4

Chelysheva I.V.

The article discusses the risks of modern media space in the context of formation of inter-ethnic tolerance of modern youth. The author presents an analysis of the current socio-cultural situation in terms of using the possibilities of media education for the development of students’ inter-ethnic culture.

Keywords: inter-ethnic tolerance, students, media culture, media education, media text.

Download article in PDF 251.9 kB

Education policy

UDK 374 BBK 74.200:587

Polichka N. P.

Two aspects of legal regulation of additional education of children in Russia are considered: state obligations and additional children education programs directivity.

The law enforcement practice of subordinate entities of the Federation activity and local governments on the organization of additional education of children is analyzed. The existing problems are formulated and the ways of their solution are offered.

Key words: additional education of children, state guarantees, additional children education programs directivity.

Download article in PDF 258.2 kB

Methodology and theory of pedagogy

UDK 379.8 BBK 77.0

Babayan A. V.

The paper is devoted to the characterization of methodological approaches to social and cultural projection. The definitions, essence and features of the terms “project”, “projection”, “social and cultural design” are revealed. Such methodological approaches to social and cultural projection such as systems, activity, situational, problem (forecast), object-oriented and subject-oriented, anthropological, axiological approaches, the principle of determinism and complementarity are revealed.

Keywords: social and cultural sphere, project, projection, social and cultural projection, methodological approaches, methodological principles.

Download article in PDF 212.7 kB

Comparative Pedagogics

UDK 372.853. (575.2)(043.3) BBK 74.04(3)

Kurmankulov Sh. Zh.

Joroev A. K.

The article presents important organizational and pedagogical conditions (necessary and sufficient), providing a stable reform of the secondary general education system in Kyrgyzstan. The author uses the competence-based approach to the consideration of pedagogical phenomena, reveals the specificity of both innovative activity and readiness of a rural school teacher. A brief review of the current state of secondary general education system in Kyrgyzstan is given.

Key words: innovation, new paradigm, educational standard, competence, concept, technology of education, educational base, educational environment, traditional lesson, factors.

Download article in PDF 219.9 kB

Actual issues of vocational pedagogy

UDK 35.08 BBK 74.40

V.A. Komkov

O.V. Kotlyarova

The paper presents the results of the research aimed at studying the educational needs of citizens of the Russian Federation living in the Vladimir region. The main hypothesis is focused on the need for the deformation of the system of further education. A set of measures aimed at the breakthrough development of the system of professional retraining and advanced training is presented as the rational solution of the problem.

Ключевые слова: further education, professional development, professional retraining, lifelong education.

Download article in PDF 191.5 kB

UDK 378.2 BBK 74.58 Ts 349

Tselykh M. P.

The paper analyzes different approaches to the interpretation of the concept of image. Various attitudes describing the phenomenon of image are discussed: substantial (interpretation of the term) and ontological (procedure) status, explaining the process of its formation. The need for the applied research is stressed in order to find tools and resources to construct a positive image of the social pedagogue /social worker in Russia.

Keywords: image, professional image, social pedagogue, social worker, imagology, social and pedagogical activity.

Download article in PDF 254.1 kB

Primary education: theory and practice

UDK 82 (571.54) BBK 83.3 S 57

Sodnomov S. Ts.

The article discusses the criteria for literary development and the levels of perception of art work by children of primary school age at literary reading lessons in the Buryat language.

Key words: primary school, junior schoolchild, criteria for literary development in the Buryat language, levels of perception of a work of art.

Download article in PDF 221.7 kB

Issues of Philosophy

UDK 177 BBK 87.7

Egorov A. V.

The article deals with the functional features of dialectics and its role in the formation and the content of conscience development. The author substantiates the necessity of conscience culture in the life of society and an individual as a cultural and moral value.

Keywords: dialectics, dialectics of conscience, conscience, culture of conscience.

Download article in PDF 206.9 kB

State and law

UDK 343 BBK 67.408

Sidorova E. Z.

The paper is devoted to the historical and legal analysis of the existence and development of testimony as one of the types of evidence in the criminal law of Russia of the past centuries. The author points out that the legislator mentions the rights and duties of witnesses both in the XVIII and XIX centuries. Nevertheless, the scope of witness rights and obligations in Russian criminal and criminal procedure legislation of the XVIII and XIX centuries was different. The author connects their more detailed regulation with the development of Russian law.

Key words: criminal law, witness, criminal procedure, history of criminal law.

Download article in PDF 192.9 kB

First Steps in Science

UDK 811.161.1 BBK 81.006 K 592

Izotova V. A.

Korotkova A. V.

The paper explores the ergonyms of women’s clothing stores. The authors wonder what caused the choice of words when creating an ergonym, and how effective this choice is. The popularity of foreign ergonyms in this area of naming is noted. The attractiveness of collected ergonyms is verified by experiment (by polling the opinions of representatives of the youth audience). The conclusion is made about the popularity of ergonyms-transliterated Russian words and names of foreign origin in the youth environment, not any, but the most understandable ones that do not require in-depth knowledge of source languages.

Key words: ergonyms, transliterated ergonyms, lingual creative means.

Download article in PDF 205.7 kB

UDK 811.13 BBK 81.471.1

Filippova T. I.

The article is devoted to the encyclopedia Le petit Larousse des enfants de 0 à 3 ans, which was published by one of the most famous French publishing houses Librairie Larousse. The article describes the structure of this encyclopedia, also it highlights its sections and focuses on the analysis of the preface, given that there is information about the recipient and the key aim of establishment of this book.

Keywords: encyclopedia, Larousse, preface, parents, child.

Download article in PDF 1.2 MB

Communication processes in professional activity

UDK 373.24 BBK 74.58:73

Muryukina E. V.

The article presents the experience of participation of a Russian media pedagogue in the autumn school “Critical understanding of history – strengthening of democracy” organized by Moldova Institute Leipzig and the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Germany (Auswärtiges Amt). Participation in the autumn school allowed the author to realize a number of scientific interests: to identify current trends in the understanding of Holocaust issues by researchers from Germany, Colombia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus and Russia; to find out what media are used by teachers from different countries in the lessons on the Second world war; to expand knowledge and skills in understanding, interpreting historical facts of the Soviet past, including through the analysis of media content.

Key words: history, media content, textbooks, schoolchildren, historians.

Download article in PDF 2.6 MB