№2, 2017

Conference proceedings

A word to the readers

Директор Иркутского филиала МГТУ ГА

доктор технических наук, профессор,

Почётный работник ВПО РФ                              Горбачев Олег Анатольевич


коллеги, выпускники, студенты,

социальные партнёры и друзья

Иркутского филиала Московского государственного технического

университета гражданской авиации!

От всей души поздравляю Вас с замечательным праздником – 50-летним юбилеем со дня основания нашего учебного заведения!

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Барбашева Л. Ю.

Иркутск, Россия

Иркутский филиал Московского государственного технического университета гражданской авиации, как учебно-консультационный пункт, начал свою образовательную деятельность в г. Иркутске, столице Приангарья.

Это был первый филиал Киевского института гражданского воздушного флота.

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Aircraft, aircraft engines and methods of their operation

UDC 66.074.5(75.8) BBK 35.11.73

Mitin A. K., Nikolaykina N. E.

The research results of an original-design polymeric nozzle for cleaning the emissions of volatile organic compounds are presented. The device is recommended for vapor recovery of paint coat solvents at maintenance and repair. Cleaning efficiency is up to 99%. Results of hydrodynamic research are described, recommendations about a choice of biofilters operating mode and about their use in civil aviation are made. 

Keywords: biofilters; volatile organic compounds; emissions cleaning, environmental protection; aviation equipment service.

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UDC 656.7; 629.7 BBK 39.5

Khudyakov Y. G., Nikolaykin N. I.

The article considers the issues of decision support by the example of organization of technical service (for example, aviation enterprises). The purpose of these solutions is reducing the negative impact factors of the working environment. The authors propose algorithm and methods of actions of the managerial system at the enterprises to reduce occupational traumatism andoccupational morbidity. As a result the level of safety in the industry increases.

Keywords: air transport; technical service; aerotechnics; working environment; danger; occupational traumatism;occupational morbidity.

Download article in PDF (261.6 kB)

UDC 535.8 BBK 22.34

Pavlov P. V., Wolf I. E., Malov A. N.

The authors discuss ways to implement the devices of non-destructive testing of aircraft components, whose operation is based on the method of optical radiation speckle patterns. The article presents the results of field tests for the practical application of optoelectronic complex of non-destructive testing to assess the technical condition of the aircraft cockpit glazing.

Key words: non-destructive testing; optoelectronic systems; correlation; speckle; laser.

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UDC 004.588 BBK 74.5

Chokoj V. Z.

Mathematic and algorithmic approaches to solving practical problems with the use of the mathematic programming toolkit are reviewed. The author considers issues of functionality, directions for use and peculiarities of applying a package of the author’s tools to solve optimization problems associated with air transport systems operation. The main interface solutions on the tools are considered.

The package is recommended for use in engineering and technical higher educational establishments as well as in civil aviation organizations for which the issues of optimization of organizational and technical systems and their processes are urgent.

Key words: air transport system, mathematic programming, performance function, functional, limitation system, plan optimization, simplex method, automatic classification

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UDC 331.45 BBK 74.204.9

Barsukov A. G.

The article deals with the meaning of sole understanding of the problem − definition of the human factor and aviation stuff training in this area. It gives a definition of the human factor and a modern approach to study its aspects used SHEL model and Ishikawa’s cause and effect chart.

Keywords: flight safety; aviation stuff; aviation system; aircraft; aviation accident; personal factor; human factor; SHEL model; Ishikawa’s chart.

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UDC 525.7 BBK 9.15

Danilenko N. V.Kirenchev A. G.

The article considers the issue of vortex formation of local gravity flows generated by an anthropogenic outflow (GTE operation on the ground). The vortex classification is analyzed and experimental research ways are determined. The authors suggest conditions for experimental research of vortices influenced by Coriolis force, vortex pairs of air intake case / underlying terrain interference, and a circular vortex of gravity flow / ground interference. The composite design peculiarities of the test installation for researching the vortex range are described.

Key words: local gravity flow, air intake vortices, vortex classification, process of vortex formation, vortex conversion.

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UDC 629.7.036.3 BBK 22.21

Danilenko N. V.

The author considers peculiarities of interference of a gyro rotor (of a GTE and others) in the field of the daily rotation of the Earth taking into account the azimuth orientation of its axis of rotation in horizontal plane.  The azimuthal characteristic of gyro rotor rundown is given. The author points out the necessity to correct the controlled rotor rundown time at GTE shutdown on the ground.

Key words: gyro rotor, rotor rundown, the theory of spinning tops, the field of the daily rotation of the Earth, the azimuthal characteristic of rotor, air mass transport.

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Avionics, aircraft electrical systems, aircraft navigation complexes and methods for their exploitation

UDC 629.7 BBK 39.56

Shomankov D. A. 

The mathematical model presented in the article is based on the integration of different flight information recorded by the means of objective control and can be used in the systems of optimized evaluation of high-speed flight parameters or technical control of aerometric measuring devices.

Keywords: integration, correlation function, generating filter, errors, optimized evaluation, control, technical condition

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UDC 629.7 BBK 39.56

Shejnikov A. A., Belegov A. N.Rozhok A. V.

The authors developed a diagnostic relation which, when applied in measurement data processing algorithms of  test diagnostic systems of the windings of aeronautic electrical machines, avoids the need to store statistic information about the operational parameters of fault-free and faulty windings thus promoting validity and simplification of the diagnostics technique.

Key words: windings of aeronautic electrical machines, test diagnostics, travelling-wave method.

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UDC 531.383 BBK 32.816я431(2Рос)

Popov V. M.

The article presents a control algorithm for the servo drives of the gyro stabilized platform for unmanned aircraft vehicle (PUAV) for aerial photography and surveillance on the basis of the data from the 3-axis accelerometer and gyroscope located on the body of the UAV. The implementation of the algorithm using the servo SG90 with a programmable Arduino UNO hardware platform is reviewed.

Keywords: unmanned aircraft vehicle, gyro stabilized platform, micromechanical accelerometer, micromechanical gyroscope.

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Aviation radio communication, radiolocation, radio navigation and methods of their operation

UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Gorbachev O. A., Zatolokin D. A., Ivanov V. B., Kholmogorov A. A.

The problem of increasing the positioning accuracy of global navigation satellite systems is one of the most important problems of navigation. One of the most inexpensive ways to solve the problem is the time-differential mode of GNSS proposed by the authors earlier. The article focuses on modernization of the time-differential mode for satellite radio navigation systems (SRNS) operating in a single-frequency mode.

Keywords: navigation problem; single-frequency receiver; antenna phase center; differential mode; control and correction station; pseudorange.

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UDC 621.396.98 BBK 39.57-5

Kiryushkin V. V., Suprunov A. V.

The authors conduct a research of the error dynamics of the algorithm of the secondary processing of navigation signals of the global navigation satellite system based on extended Kalman filter. The article shows that at the stages of intense maneuvering the accuracy of a certain positioning of a highly dynamic consumer increases to 1.5 times. Presumably the reason for this is the mismatch of the dynamic model of the object, embedded in the optimal linear filter and real dynamics of users’ movements.

Key words: global navigation satellite system, highly fluid consumer, extended Kalman filter, measurement error of coordinates.

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UDC 621.391:621.396 BBK 39.57-5

Lezhankin B. V.

The article analyzes the stages of formation and development of aeronautical radio-navigation scientific school of MSTU CA, Irkutsk Branch. The main scientific approaches are described. The article reviews the main scientific staff publications.  It demonstrates the research intergenerational continuity, development of the methodology and scientific and experimental facilities.

Keywords: scientific school, radionavigation, interaircraft navigation, satellite navigation.

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UDC 621.396.96 BBK 32.842

Hmarskij P. A.Sushhinskij A. A.

The authors present the methodology of development of input action mathematical model  for the device support of the radiation source according to the movable radio finder.

Key words:  movable radio finder; accompanied only by angular coordinates; model of input action; model of specifying impact; random discrete maneuver; the Kalman filter.

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UDC 621.396.74 BBK 39.571.5

Mezhetov M. A., Turincev S. V.

Air-to-air and air-to-ground automated data exchange systems are increasingly common. Automated data exchange (ADE) in such systems is conducted in VHF band with the use of VDL-2 или VDL-4 modes. The design of ADE receivers implies a clock sync (CS) circuit in their composition which can be constructed differently. A run-up signal in such systems is extracted digitally.  One of the factors influencing the quality if received information in VDL-2 systems is selection of a technique of run-up signal regeneration.  

The article considers a technique of run-up signal regeneration with use of front reconstruction which is implemented in a hardware-software receiver developed by the authors. Research of CS regeneration principles will enable to conduct a comparative analysis of different techniques of extracting and forming a run-up signal and to apply the hardware-software receiver for further research.

Key words: VDL-2, clock sync systems, Gardner detector, scrambler, quadrature components, hardware-software receiver.

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Air traffic monitoring and management systems

UDC 629.7; 629.95; 656.085.22 BBK 39.5

Nikolaykin N. I., Tsetlin V. V., Savchukov S. A., Pozheluyeva Z. V., Starkov E. Y.

The article analyzes the influence of environmental helio-geophysical factors perturbation on physical and chemical properties of water, such as specific conductivity, oxidation-reduction potential, a hydrogen index that are authentically registered in water electrochemical cells by environmetrical methods. Examples of aviation incidents are given and their reasons according to official investigation materials are explained. The authors draw a conclusion that the helio-geophysical factors can influence a person behavior and its possible deviations generally called «a human factor» – one of the reasons of various aircraft accidents.

Keywords: flight safety; aviation incident; human factor; cosmophysical and geophysical factors; danger.

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UDC 621.396.98 BBK 32.95

Kiryushkin V. V., D’yakonov E. A.

The article describes the study of the accuracy of determination of coordinates of air targets in multipositional surveillance system using the signals of navigation satellites of global navigation satellite systems and pseudolite signals to illuminate air targets. It is shown that the use of pseudolite signals allows to reduce the peak error 8-10 times and decrease the average error of measurement of coordinates of air targets 2-3 times in a multipositional satellite surveillance system.

Key words: global navigation satellite system, multipositional surveillance system, the error of measurement of coordinates, operating zone.

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Use of innovative educational technologies in a technical university

UDC 81 BBK 81.1

Portnova T. Yu.

The author proposes that the syntactical level (as well as other levels of a language system) has some linguistic means fixing logic links between outward things. The article deals with the gradation, a semantic-syntactical figure, which causes syntactically equivalent elements to be placed by increase or decrease their semantic magnitude. The analysis of factual material taken from literary works of German-speaking authors proves that the word order has a logic-semantic aspect. 

Key words: gradation, ranking, word order, anthropological linguistics, logic of syntax

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UDC 656.09 BBK 81.1

Kuznetsova N. B.

In this article is noted that one of the important problem in aviation is language. There is a set of instructions and documentation for the maintenance of aircraft of foreign manufacture which requires specialist with confident language proficiency in aviation English. It’s no secret that aviation and technical English language differs from standard English used for everyday communication. The author considers how to create the conditions and what the procedure need to be to meet all requirements and make a harmonious course of aviation technical English to ensure the proper level of language competence of the personnel involved in the maintenance of aircraft of foreign manufacture.

Key words: aviation technical English, human factor, communication, aircraft maintenance, ICAO scale, proper level of language competence, aircraft of foreign manufacture.

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UDC 94(470) BBK 63.3

Astrakhantsev O. N.

The article provides a historiographical review of literature on the topic “Military aviation personnel training” published in the period from 1910 to 1991. The author gives a brief analysis of the published in this period works, examines how the process of studying this topic was going on, and how it changed in connection with the events taking place in the country and the development of aviation.

Keywords: Air force, aviation, aeronautics, aviation personnel, air fleet, aviation equipment, army, history.

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UDC 37.017.4 BBK 74.58

Barbasheva L. Yu.

The semantic transformation of the concept of Motherland is discussed in the article. The conditions of moral values formation are analyzed. The author appeals to the experience of the patriotic education organization in Irkutsk branch of Moscow state technical University of civil aviation. The author considers educational activities varied in form and content on which patriotic feelings of the students are built and developed.

Keywords: Motherland, patriotic education, patriotism, moral values, a student, citizenship, methods of education, forms of education.

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Conference proceedings

UDC 692.7.05.001 BBK 39.571.552

Dil’ V. F., Kozlov A. A.

The article describes the main aircraft control techniques and presents a technology and an algorithm of exploring the controlled longitudinal dynamics on aircraft landing in the MathCad environment. The research is carried out under the action of different control laws of the automatic control system on approach by means of computational modeling of the aircraft controlled longitudinal dynamics.

Key words: landing system, automatic control system, director control system, MathCad, mathematical model, aircraft, the phase of landing, modeling.

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UDC 621.396.74 BBK 39.571.5

Mezhetov M. A.Turincev S. V.Serebrennikov E. A.Nikitich P. V.

The authors consider the issue of increase of accuracy of satellite positioning of mobile objects within the aerodrome by receiving data from the local augmentation station. The use of a signal of VDL-2 mode with 8-position differentially encoded phase-shift keying can solve the problem. Using the HIL-simulation the diagrams of forming and receiving a signal of VDL-2 mode are synthesized.

Key words: GNSS augmentation system, VDL-2, differentially encoded phase-shift keying (D8PSK), raised cosine filter, tribit, quadrature components.

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UDC 621.45.02+536.8+519.6 BBK 39.62

Sabirzyanov A. N.Kirillova A. N.

The article deals with the influence of cylindrical site extent in the jet nozzle’s minimum section on coefficient of discharge which was evaluated according to the geometrical characteristics with the modern methods of computing hydrodynamics. It shows the dependences of influence of extent on discharge coefficient for sound and supersonic nozzles at various taper angles. It gives idiosyncrasies of influence of a rounding off upon the transition to the cylindrical site.

Keywords: jet nozzle, discharge coefficient, gas dynamics, modeling.

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