№ 4, 2017

A word to the readers

Иванова Людмила Анатольевна, гл. редактор международного информационно-аналитического журнала «Crede Experto: транспорт, общество, образование, язык» 

Дорогие друзья и коллеги, давние и новые читатели международного информационно-аналитического журнала «Crede Experto: транспорт, общество, образование, язык», представляю Вам номер нашего журнала, завершающий 2017 год. Очень надеемся, что статьи, размещённые в очередном выпуске, подвигнут наших постоянных читателей к проведению новых исследований, а каждый автор сможет найти на страницах журнала своих единомышленников, а может быть, и оппонентов, посчитает возможным или необходимым вступить в научный диалог.

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UDC 378.6 BBK 74.58

Barbasheva L. Yu.

The article offers hindsight at the organizational, educational and research activities of the faculty of aviation radio-electronic equipment (AREA) in Irkutsk higher military aviation engineering school, which persists in the affairs of its teachers and alumni.

Keywords: scientific creativity, continuity, student, civic consciousness, methods and forms of education

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UDC 629.118 BBK 39

Martin VlkovskýKamil Bednář

The article deals with the special features of fastening of cargo in crisis situations during the emergency supply. The emphasis is placed on crisis situations where limited transport infrastructure is available for emergency supply purposes. Under these conditions, problems with transport of emergency supplies to and within the crisis situation area can be assumed. Based on the statistical evaluation of the transport experiment carried out on the road (motorway) and on unpaved communications (terrain) respectively recommendations are made in relation to the fastening of cargo.

Keywords: fastening of cargo; inertial forces; acceleration coefficients; emergency supply; transport experiment.


Článek řeší zvláštnosti upevnění nákladu v krizových situacích během procesu nouzového zásobování. Důraz je položen na krizové situace, kdy je pro účely nouzového zásobování k dispozici omezená dopravní infrastruktura. V uvedených podmínkách lze předpokládat problémy v přepravě nouzových zásob do prostoru krizové situace a v rámci ní. Na základě statistického vyhodnocení přepravního experimentu, který byl proveden na silnici (dálnici), resp. na nezpevněné komunikaci (terénu), jsou předloženy doporučení ve vztahu k upevnění nákladu.

Klíčová slova: upevnění nákladu; setrvačné síly; koeficienty zrychlení; nouzové zásobování; přepravní experiment.

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UDC 656.13 BBK 39.38

Aytbagina A. R.Vitvitskiy E. E.

Task solution has been performed by modeling the object – a substitute of complex of micro auto transport systems. The article considers operational transportations planning by an enterprise – producer when it transports its own construction cargo, for its own account, using its own motor vehicles for its construction sites. The authors obtained functional dependence between the production cost and average technical speed of a vehicle in the accepted variability interval and form of this connection for different production situations. Regression models of production cost obtained by the authors have been checked on adequacy to transportation process under study in the complex of micro auto transport systems of cargo transportation using MS Excel.

Keywords: complex of micro auto transport systems of cargo transportation; average technical speed; a motor vehicle; a consignor; production costs; regression dependence.

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UDC 629.42:629.4.054, 625.28 BBK 39.232

Ablyalimov O. S.

The article presents the research results of analysis and estimate of transportation efficiency of 3VL80S mainline (train) three-section electric locomotives on the hilly and mountainous section Marokand-Navoi of JSC “Uzbekiston temir yullari” with non-stop and stop-and-go freight traffic at passing tracks, intermediate stations and intersections. The values of kinematic and energy parameters of the key figures of 3VL80S electric locomotives allow the locomotive complex specialists to elaborate recommendations for increasing  the efficiency of rail transport in real conditions of operating a tractive electric stock on hilly and mountainous railway sections.

Keywords: research, a result, a freight train, motion,  an electric locomotive, a railway track, operation, conditions, direction, speed, a rolling stock, analysis, hilly and mountainous, estimate, a station, to present, a point, average, quality, a station-to-station block, profile.

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UDC 656.073 BBK 39.28

Ilesaliyev D. I.

The author researches numerous variants of cargo rack storage on the pallets with dimensions of 1,200×800 mm taking into consideration filling the storage area by length, width and height for different parameters of cargo. The patterns of changing the storage area capacity are revealed. To estimate the capacity of an indoor warehouse for piece goods, a parameters series was developed.

Keywords: piece goods, unit load, warehouse, shelving, storage area.

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UDC 656.7.025, 656.032 BBK 65.37, 39.58

Mineeva K. I.Nemchinov O. A.

Проанализирована интенсивность использования воздушных судов авиакомпании на маршрутной сети. Произведена оценка экономической эффективности эксплуатационной деятельности авиапредприятия через расчёт прямых переменных затрат и эксплуатационного дохода по 22 авиалиниям. Выполнено прогнозирование дохода авиакомпании при изменении тарифов в зависимости от сегментации пассажиров. Построена зависимость дохода авиакомпании от характера изменения тарифов.

Ключевые слова: авиакомпания, хаб, эффективность эксплуатации, тариф, маржинальная прибыль.

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Aircraft, aircraft engines and methods of their operation

UDC 629.7.015.4 BBK 39.52

Zabobin V. V.

The article demonstrates the results of experimental research of fracture kinetics for samples made of VT-20 titanium sheets under alternate stresses and at elevated temperatures. Dependences of crack growth rate on load parameters are obtained. The mechanism of regarding the influence of temperature and load non-stationarity on VT-20 fracture kinetics is proposed.

Keywords: kinetics, creep, crack, supersonic transport airplane, SST, titanium alloy.

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UDC 004.588 BBK 74.5

Safarbakov A. M.Hodackij S. A.

The article describes methodology of solving an optimization problem on choice of the main performances of a pulse-type combustion chamber.  The system elements were considered. The authors demonstrate how to choose the criterion which provides evaluation of performances of the system or its model to figure out “the best” model or a set of “the best” conditions for system operation. The choice of an optimization method was demonstrated and the results of solving the optimization problem are provided.

Keywords: optimization, mathematical model, criterion, limitations, algorithm.

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Aviation radio communication, radiolocation, radio navigation and methods of their operation

UDC 621.396.96 BBK 32.842

Hmarskij P. A.Rodriguez D.Solovov A. I.

The article focuses on the principles of construction of the developed hardware-software simulator for primary radar signals of the control radar. The use of the proposed hardware simulator within a dispatching radar will significantly improve its competitiveness due to the possibility of realization of the modes of research and implementation of existing and future algorithms for radar information processing.

Keywords: control radar, hardware and software system, the generator of trajectories, noise shaper, designer of radar objects.

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Avionics, aircraft electrical systems, aircraft navigation complexes and methods for their exploitation

UDC 629.7 BBK 39.56

Shomankov D. A.

The presented mathematical model is based on complexation and evaluation of heterogeneous flight parameters which are registered by data recorders or other concentrators that provide their post-flight processing by linear discrete Kalman filtering algorithms. The presented materials are based on previously obtained scientific results and are a continuation of the paper published in IIAJ «Crede Experto: transport, society, education, language» (2017, № 2, p. 115–125).

Key words: complexation, error estimation, control, controlled state, diagnostic sign, seminatural experiment.

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UDC 81.00 BBK

Danilenko V. P.

The base of the fairy-tales world image as well as another one consists of the universal model of the universe, which includes psychical nature, biological nature, psychics and culture. The singularity of this view of the world consists in the fact it reflects the universe in a fantastic form with the help of texts, in which good always wins evil.

Key words: view of the world, fairy-tales view of the world, mythological world image, folklore, fairy-tales, Russian folklore fairy-tales.

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Discourse and Text: vectors of research

Mongolian Studies

UDC 82 (571.54) BBK 83.3(2Рос.Бур)

Sodnomov S. Ts.

The article is devoted to the analysis of the novel by D. Sultimov «Sagai Erche ‘The Call of The Time ‘», in which one of the most important problems is raised – the problem of the relationship between the younger and older generations. The relationship in the family between parents and children influences the way the person will treat other people in the future, the choice of moral principles and the decision what will be the most important and holiest for him. In the conditions of a multinational republic, the most important stabilizing factor is national culture. It is the basis of interethnic communication, a fount of wisdom, a store of pedagogical thought and moral health.

Key words: relationship between the younger and older generations, customs and traditions, respect, understanding, family, national culture.


Ниитэтэлэл соо Д. Сультимовай «Сагай эрхэ» гэһэн туужа дотор эсэгэ үринэрэй дундын харилсаанай асуудалнууд харуулагдаhаниие шүүмжэлэгдэнэ. Буряад арадай мүнөө үеын байдал, арадаймнай заншал, соёл, ёhо энэ туужа дотор харуулагдаһаниинь тэмдэглэгдэнэ.

Тулгалха үгэнүүд: туужа, эсэгэ үринэрэй харилсаан, заншал, соёл, ёhо, мүнөө үеын байдал.

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UDC 82 (571.54) BBK 83.3(2Рос.Бур)

Sodnomov S. Ts.

The article is devoted to the analysis of the novelette by D. Sultimov “Sagai Erkhe” ‘Dictates of Time’, which raises one of the most important problems – the problem of morality. The author shows the intergenerational relationship on basis of deep knowledge of customs and traditions of the Buryats.

Keywords: contemporary literature, moral and philosophical problems, traditional culture.

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First Steps in Science

UDC 811.13 BBK 81.471.1

Ablyazova A. R.

The article is devoted to the monuments of the cultural heritage of France and their representation in a printed guide. The establishment of the World Heritage List and the involvement of France in UNESCO are shown. An analysis of the presentation of monuments on the basis of the printed guide and the official site of UNESCO was made.

Key words: monuments of cultural heritage, UNESCO, guide, tourist discourse, French heritage, cultural object.

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UDC 811.11 BBK 81.432.1

Gorshkova O. S.

The article represents a synopsis of the findings on the structural-grammatical transformations and the linguistic features of the scripts to S. Daldry’s and T. Hooper’s films. The paper also tackles the nature of such notions as discourse and film discourse, which proves relevant for determining the structural changes taking place within the process of scripts translation.

Keywords: film discourse; lexical and syntactic transformation; translation; script; screenplay.

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UDC 37(09) BBK 74.03(4Фра)5

Tokareva N. V.

The article is devoted to the problem of female education in France of the XVII century. It shows the difficulties of access to education, in particular, it presents the way to educate women of the XVII century at home, in monasteries, in schools, boarding schools and salons.

Key words: women’s education, home education, monastery, boarding school, salon.

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Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

UDC 316.77:001.8 BBK 60.55.325.1:60.55.57с

Gorbatkova O. I.

The article is devoted to hermeneutic analysis (including: analysis of stereotypes, ideological analysis, identification analysis, iconographic analysis, plot analysis, character analysis, etc.) of Russian feature school films (1992-2017). The generalized hermeneutic analysis is based on the technologies developed by C. Bazalgette, A. Silverblatt, and U. Eco, on the theoretical approaches of N. Khrenov, M. Zhabsky, taking into account the leading concepts of media education: media agencies, media / media text categories, media technologies, media languages, media representations and media audiences. The author comes to the conclusion that the Russian school films (1992-2017) have these trends:

– the educational process has gone beyond the strict framework of maintaining rigid communist landmarks: education began to be humanistic and differentiated;

– schools as an educational institution (with school weekdays, corridors, classrooms, rows of desks, a school board, teachers and students) practically did not exist in the films of the first years after the collapse of the Soviet Union;

– the western system of “school cinematographic values” is fully supported since 1999;

– significant problems arising in the characters based on the opposition of  extraordinary teachers and students with the simplicity, grayness of the collective, classmates;

– problem areas (disappointment and fatigue, professional burnout of teachers, pragmatic cynicism of students, teenage aggression and cruelty, obscene lexicon, non-observance of moral and ethical norms, rules of conduct, etc.) were clearly revealed;

– students have the different images (negative and positive);

– the appearance of students and teachers has become more liberated and free;

– the screen images of some teachers were not ideal  (irresponsible, aggressive, corrupt, not distinguished by a high level of intelligence, not respected by society);  there is a lack of prestige of the pedagogical profession in the eyes of students and the public;

– film stories about school are immersed more often in the genre of comedy and  melodrama, with  entertaining character.

Keywords: hermeneutic analysis, media text, cinematography, film, Russia, school, teacher, schoolchild, characters.

* Исследование выполнено за счёт финансовых средств гранта Российского научного фонда (РНФ, проект № 17-18-01001)» в Ростовском государственном экономическом университете. Тема проекта: «Школа и вуз в зеркале советских, российских и западных аудиовизуальных медиатекстов». Руководитель проекта А. В. Федоров

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UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Dr. Elena Muryukina

This article presents the results of the hermeneutic analysis of the Russian documentaries films (1991-2017) on school and student topic. It gives the characteristic features of a documentary on the school and student theme 1992 – 1999: the positive message of the documentary to education; the accentuation on the problems of education and their solution not to blame teachers, their pedagogical methods, but demonstrate the finding guide for solutions to educational activities, etc. Since 2000 documentaries films appear not often. They are shot by request of various state or commercial organizations and invested by sponsors. Their characteristics include the negative message of modern education; pedagogical staff of schools and universities; the reforms or the Soviet heritage; chronological statement of the facts, demonstration of following new educational standards by head teachers and teachers.

Keywords: hermeneutic analysis, documentaries films, school, university, students, pupils, teachers, reform, Russia.

* This article is written by the grant of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF). Project 17-18-01001 “School and university in the mirror of the Soviet, Russian and Western audiovisual media texts”, performed at Rostov State University of Economics.

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UDC 791.43/.45 BBK 85.374.3

Chelysheva I. V.

This article presents an analysis of the feature films about the school, created by domestic filmmakers in the period from 1985 to 1991. It reveals that the period of perestroika entered the history of gaming cinema as complex and ambiguous, accompanied by a tense situation in the society, the emergence of new problems, fundamental changes in the life of the population of the country, etc. The films on the school theme reflect the departure from the old ideological canons, the policy of restructuring and glasnost, the fall of the iron curtain, the sharp impoverishment of a large part of the population, highly increased number of unemployed, and criminalization.

Keywords: hermeneutics, analysis, media text, media criticism, film, schoolchildren, characters, image, media literacy, media education.

This article is written by Grant of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF). Project 17-18-01001 “School and university in the mirror of the Soviet, Russian and Western audiovisual media texts”, performed at Rostov State University of Economics.

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UDC 373.24 BBK 74.58:73

Chelysheva I. V., Muryukina E. V., Miroshnichenko D. V.

The article deals with the desirability of classes in the media educational society with the senior preschoolers on the material of cartoons. It gives a thematic plan of media educational classes. The gaming technology is considered to be effective at this age. It allows a child to develop creative thinking, critical attitude to the information. The article identifies pedagogical conditions: favorable microclimate; the considering general competencies and the age characteristics of children.

Keywords: senior preschoolers, media educational society, gaming technology, art, cartoons.

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UDC 791.43 BBK 85.373(2)

Shahanskaya A. Yu.

This article deals with the hermeneutical analysis of the image evolution of the pupil in a concrete Soviet and Russian animation films. Soviet cartoons represents the pupil as a positive character, or first an underachiever, but as a result followed a correction way. The image of the main character and/or a plot teaches the minor viewer to be honest, hardworking, sympathetic, faithful to friendship, kind, educated, well mannered, strives for knowledge. The negative characters (condemns hooligans and idlers, cowards, etc.) are in the satiric colors.

The modern Russian cartoons quite seldom show an image of the pupil and school. However, there are a number of developing and training animated films today. The few animated films about school and pupils give the main characters who behave freely, assert the rights and freedoms, seldom have highly moral behavior.

A large number of the modern developing animated films of various quality give a message to improve yourself, to enlarge knowledge, but they rarely touch the issues of education, its value, upbringing, principals and morals. Pupils are not common characters of animated film plots.

Keywords: student, pupil, animation, cartoons, school, USSR, Russia, hermeneutical analysis.

* Support and acknowledgement
This article is written within the framework of a study financially supported by the grant of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF). Project 17-18-01001 “School and university in the mirror of the Soviet, Russian and Western audiovisual media texts”, performed at Rostov State University of Economics.

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Attention: experience

UDC 37.01 BBK 74.00

Kondrakova E. D.

The article discusses the potential of higher educational institutions of innovative type in countering the ideology of extremism and terrorism. Describes the most effective forms of work in this direction initiated by the students and teachers.

Keywords: counter-terrorism and extremism; education organization; student dormitory.

* Работа подготовлена при поддержке Министерства образования и науки РФ, проект № 27.4333.2017/НМ «Анализ и обобщение опыта работы образовательных организаций высшего образования по противодействию экстремизму и разработка на их основе механизмов противодействия экстремизму на территории образовательных организаций и студенческих общежитий».

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Actual issues of vocational pedagogy

UDC 37.037.1 BBK 75.0

Odintsova V. I.

This article proves the feasibility of the discipline “Threpsology” which is implemented while preparing bachelors in direction of training “Sports training”. It allows students to acquire knowledge about the basics of nutrition; skills to create proper eating behavior during the training process and competitions; competence in endoecological safety of sports nutrition. The article works out the content of one of the course themes: “The results of the food additive “New Life 1000″ usage basing on a balanced diet”.

Keywords: students, sports training, general threpsology

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UDC 021.3 BBK 78.34

Churasheva O. L.Tretyakov A. L.

The authors of the article make an attempt to highlight the issues of organizational and methodological support for personnel education for school libraries. They also describe the tendencies of development of higher education in the Russian Federation and characterize the innovative pedagogical activity of the Library and Informational faculty of St. Petersburg State University of Culture and Art. The article highlights a new programme of the faculty “Communication activity of public and school libraries”. The organizational and methodological foundations of the two disciplines taught within the programme are presented by the authors. They also note the need for a more detailed study of the development of the innovative educational landscape of higher schools in modern Russia.

Keywords: personnel education, school library, higher education, organizational and methodical aspects, professional competence, innovative activity.

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Innovative processes in modern education

UDC 37.025 BBK 74.04

Kazydub N. N.

The paper ponders the problem of the educational environment axiological perspective. The latter is viewed as a governing parameter of the educational process and as such has to be considered in educational projecs. I argue the methodogical value of the axiological perspective in terms of modelling the teaching-learning process as a value-rooted and value-charged base for developing professional and social competences.

Key words: аxiological perspective; axiological parameter; axiological motive; educational activity; educational route; educational environment; social and professional competences.

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