# 4, 2022

Air transport security

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_6

Nikolai S. Khersonsky

Ludmila G. Bolshedvorskaya

Abstract. Logically, the article is a continuation of an earlier study devoted to determining the practical applicability of statistical methods for assessing the compliance of manufactured products with the requirements of regulatory documentation and reflects their application depending on the stages of the product life cycle. The results obtained suggest that the application of this method in various industries (aviation, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, defense, etc.) will significantly improve the quality of finished products, as well as guarantee the operational performance of components manufactured by domestic manufacturers in the format of solving the problem of import substitution.

Key words: flight safety, import substitution, products, quality of finished products and components, non-conforming products.

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DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_17

Natalia N. Ivanskaia

Valerii A. Kuklev

Andrey V. Seleznev

Nikolay I. Nikolaykin

Abstract. The purpose of the article is to harmonize the professional training of bachelors and masters in the field of firefighting and rescue support for flights with the current regulatory frame-work governing the activities of rescuers in aviation. As a result, positions with the qualifications of “bachelor” and “master” were allocated in the organizational structure of the airport RFFS. The labor functions corresponding to them are determined; professional competencies and indicators of their achievement are formulated; the courses of the professional block of the curriculum for the preparation of bachelors and masters are proposed.

Keywords: rescue and firefighting, civil aviation, Federal State Educational Standard (FSES) 3++.

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DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_30

Sergey M. Krivel

Egor A. Galushko

Yuri F. Vshivkov

Abstract. The work is devoted to the study of aerodynamic characteristics of the WIG original layout and the assessment of influence of its geometric parameters on the aerodynamic characteristics. A brief overview of the history of synthesis of the investigated WIG scheme is presented. The aerodynamic layout is made according to the “tandem” scheme of two wings and a high-mounted stabilizer. The influence of kinematic flight parameters (angle of attack and distance to the underlying surface), deflection angles of aerodynamic surfaces (flaps and steering surfaces), the relative position of the wings, the presence and parameters of end washers and winglets on the WIG aerodynamic characteristics is investigated. The results of the work allow us to conclude that the deflection angles of aerodynamic surfaces have a significant effect on the values of aerodynamic coefficients and the value of aerodynamic quality. These effects can be used to control the WIG, improve or provide a number of flight characteristics. The most preferred parameters of the aerodynamic layout are evaluated in terms of ensuring the highest aerodynamic quality. A number of defining features of the flow around the proposed WIG scheme and its elements are identified and demonstrated in the work. The potential positive properties of the layout are highlighted, which can significantly affect the feasibility and effectiveness of the WIG as a design object.

Keywords: ekranoplan, aerodynamic ground-effect craft, aerodynamic characteristics, aerodynamic layout, layout parameters of the WIG, GEV (ground-effect vehicle), WIG (wing-in-ground-effect).

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Aviation radio communication, radiolocation, radio navigation and methods of their operation

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_56

Stepan V. Shalupin

Eduard A. Bolelov

Vyacheslav V. Erokhin

Abstract. The quality of operation of objects of radio technical support for flights largely determines both their capabilities for air navigation support and the safety of flights of civil aviation aircraft. In turn, the quality of the work performed for the maintenance of facilities is determined by the level of professional training of the engineering and technical personnel of the services for the operation of radio technical flight support. The analysis of the personnel training system has shown that the forms of training have not changed much and still include lectures, group and practical classes, and exercises at real objects of radio technical support for flights. The methodological support of the implemented forms of training conducted in the training units is visual materials in the form of posters, dummies, interactive tools and layouts that do not provide dynamic filling of the studied methods of functioning and maintenance and repair of specific types of equipment. At the same time, for the personnel of the operation services, the skills and abilities of monitoring the technical condition and modes of operation of the objects of radio technical support for flights, diagnosing failures and technologies for carrying out maintenance work are especially important.

Radical changes in the system of training workers and increasing the effectiveness of this training can be achieved with the introduction of computer simulators based on the method of equipment emulation.

This article is devoted to the analysis of the training system for engineering and technical personnel of the services for the operation of radio equipment and communication facilities, the disclosure of its shortcomings and the consideration of the method of computer emulation of objects of radio technical support for flights, as the basis for building simulator systems.

Keywords: radio engineering support of flights, maintenance, engineering and technical personnel, advanced training, emulation, computer simulator.

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Avionics, aircraft electrical systems, aircraft navigation complexes and methods for their exploitation

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_70

Sergey V. Kuznetsov

Abstract. The in-service inspection (ISI) system of onboard equipment of civil aircraft provides management of technical operation processes. Its quality is manifested in the process of in-service inspection. The ISI involves determining the technical state of monitor objects at various stages of operation: in flight, during operational maintenance (pre-flight and post-flight check), during periodic maintenance, after removing the equipment from the aircraft. The analysis of the problem of forming and improving the ISI system for onboard equipment shows its complexity requiring a systematic approach based on the appropriate mathematical apparatus. The ISI is characterized by the inspection accuracy, i.e. a property of technical state inspection which determines the degree of display objectivity as a result of monitoring the actual technical state of a monitor object. As quantitative parameters and performance indicators of the ISI system for onboard equipment, the characteristics of the inspection accuracy serve. To determine them, rational sets of technical states and decisions about the technical states of onboard units were formed. Based on belonging to these sets, three groups of the inspection accuracy characteristics were identified. The first group consists of conditional probabilities of transitions in the in-service inspection for various types of control. The second group consists of unconditional probabilities of transitions in the in-service inspection for various types of control. The third group consists of a posteriori decision-making probabilities in the process of in-service inspection for various types of control. Analytical dependencies for calculating the inspection accuracy characteristics of the three groups for onboard units and the relationship between them were determined.

Key words: in-service inspection system, technical operation process, technical state, inspection accuracy, onboard equipment.

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Discourse and Text: vectors of research

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_83

Tatiana I. Semenova

Daria A. Skulimovskaya

Abstract. The theoretical background of the research is the method of frame analysis. From the perspective of the frame semantics the study considers the frame-like organization of the speech act of warning and its interpretation in English political mediadiscourse. The goal of the research is to reveal and discuss the frame model of the interpretation of the illocutionary force of the speech act of warning in analytical mediatexts as the secondary genre of political discourse. Of central concern in the paper is the notion of the frame valency in the cognitive structure of the frame WARNING. The paper brings into focus the issue that the frame WARNING involves two types of frame valency, one frame valency is on the proposition (warn the addressee of a possible future danger) and the other valency directs the addressee to perform a certain action to avoid the danger. The paper brings into focus syntactic differences of the above mentioned valencies. The study discusses focus shift mechanism as a cognitive operation involved in the interpretation of the illocutionary force of the speech act of warning in secondary mediatexts.

Key words: speech act of warning, illocutionary force, interpretation, frame, political media discourse, focus shift.

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DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_99

Fairuz B. Akbaeva

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the metaphorically marked nature of the mass media text on healthy nutrition. The study is focused on the English-language texts published in British and American journals on healthy nutrition. Recognizing the relevance of the problem of healthy lifestyle in general, and healthy food, in particular, the author speaks of the existence within the mass media of certain language mechanisms that influence the worldview, ideals and values of the addressee, and, as a result, contribute to the popularization of the idea of healthy lifestyle. In this process, metaphor is given one of the key roles. The results of the analysis of actual material indicate the presence in the texts on healthy nutrition of anthropomorphic, nature-morphic, sociomorphic and artifact metaphorical models, characterized by its own set of metaphorical transformations and its own number of verbalizers. It is significant that in the case of nature-morphic, sociomorphic and artifact models of metaphor, the metaphorical meaning is actualized in the context with the help of nouns, while with anthropomorphic metaphor – by verbs. The paper presents quantitative data signifying the sample material and the frequency of the above-mentioned metaphor models.

Key words: mass media discourse, nutritional discourse, text on healthy nutrition, cognitive metaphor, metaphorical modeling, English.

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DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_116

Elizaveta C. Dakhalaeva

Alexandra A. Serebryakova

Abstract. The study purpose is to identify the self-referential and ino-referential components interaction of the French social advertising.

The use of the «self-reference» and «ino-reference» concepts developed by N. Luhmann helps to identify self-referential and ino-referential elements in social advertising.

  1. Kozhemyakin and T. Krasikova applied these concepts to the media reality in the TV shop. Their scheme has been modified. The social advertising components have been identified:
  • self-referential (the addressee’s emotions, the addressee’s social values, the problem statement in everyday situations);
  • non-referential (advertising initiator, call to action, functional / design characteristics of advertising).

Design characteristics are obligatory for all social advertisements. This is the most difficult component: according to the canons of creating this type of advertising, the social problem should not be demonstrated directly, but through hints, metaphors, comparisons, and playing around the situation. Thus, visual material in social advertising is presented in an unusual way, and the verbal component is conveyed by various stylistic means of expression.

In the practical part, visual schemes of the interaction of internal and external referents with a different number of active, explicitly presented elements (from 2 to 4) have been built, which contribute to the decoding of implicit components and the correct decoding of the main message of social advertising by the addressee.

Key words: self-reference, ino-reference, internal referent, external referent, advertising, verbal, non-verbal components.

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Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_132

Olga I. Gorbatkova

Abstract. The presented article analyzes the conceptual views of the famous Russian film critic R. N. Yurenev (1912–2002) in his articles published on the pages of one of the oldest Cinema Art journals on the history and theory of cinema.

The purpose of the article is a comprehensive study of the conceptual views of R.N. Yurenev in the context of the analysis of theoretical articles in the Cinema Art journal in the focus of domestic film studies.

The analysis of the theoretical articles of the film critic R. N. Yurenev in historical, political, socio-cultural focus allows us to determine the range of conclusions. His conceptual views are clearly determined by the socio-cultural and political situation characteristic of the specified historical period. A significant number of theoretical works by R. N. Yurenev are devoted to the study of the problem field of the cinematic landscape, content components and methods, methods of approaches to the study of cinematography. His articles are the reflections of methodological and professional problems: analysis of the theoretical heritage of the classics of Soviet cinema, directing, methodological tools, and professional requirements for film criticism. The articles by R. N. Yurenev combine the broadcast in a single segment of an ideological and professional approach to cinematography.

Keywords: Yurenev, film critic, film critic, film studies, historical context, the Art of Cinema magazine.

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Actual problems of education

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_146

Lyubov V. Bannikova

Viktorya I. Morozova

Abstract. The article addresses the issue of schoolchildren studying from home by means of e-learning platforms and resources. The authors highlight the importance of family communication values, detailing the specifics of their formation, as well as consider effectiveness of online learning platforms such as Moscow Electronic School (MES) in terms of conducting family-themed lessons for primary school students. Special attention is given to textual and visual content of e-lesson scenarios on the topic of family in terms of their design, perception and educational impact on children. The research is based on a socio-cultural methodological approach and relies on a variety of research methods, including literature review, review of didactic materials, synthesis, generalization. The authors specify criteria for analysis of educational materials as well as how family values and examples of positive family interactions as key value orientations of the modern society are presented in digital educational resources. The article emphasizes the need of maintaining a balance between employing learning tools available within the digital educational environment and preserving the role of the teacher as a transmitter of national, individual and universal values and traditions. The study has practical significance as it provides guidelines for effective selection and updating digital educational content for family-themed lessons in primary schools. These guidelines may aid teachers in accumulating online learning resources with certain substantive and procedural characteristics beneficial for promoting a positive image of the family.

Keywords: digital educational environment, family communication, primary school education.

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Theoretical and practical issues of foreign languages teaching

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_159

Elena M. Kazantseva

Olga A. Kolmakova

Anzhela A. Kazantseva

Nataliya A. Sverdlova

Abstract. These days, in the context of international interaction in various spheres of economics, science, technology and cooperation, the issue of language education for students of technical universities is being actualized.

The subject of the paper is foreign language professionally oriented training, which involves the development of professionally significant skills and abilities, the formation of professional thinking allowing students to take into account the cultural and linguistic diversity of economic and technical systems.

The personality-development content of modern language education determines the emergence of various strategies for its acquisition. They are formed depending on students’ needs and capabilities. What is meant here is a strategy of staying in the content, a step-by-step strategy, a strategy of information exchange, etc.

In this case, these strategies are closely interconnected with one or another paradigm of education, for instance, the scientific-technocratic, humanitarian paradigm and the paradigm of tradition.

Digital technologies are not only a tool but also an environment for existence, which introduces new opportunities for mastering the content of language education: learning at any convenient time, continuous education, the ability to design individual educational routes.

In this regard, it is necessary to modernize the process of professional training, widely introduce digital tools for educational activities and integrate them into the educational environment.

Therefore, to ensure the effectiveness of the process it is necessary to determine each strategy that can be used to master language education with the help of digital technologies and identify the principles of learning that should be relied upon when using a particular strategy.

The implementation of the studied strategies in terms of new educational conditions will allow the teachers to integrate them within learning technologies. Using the strategies in an educational process will result in a qualitative breakthrough in the field of language education.

Keywords: language education, engineering education, educational paradigm, educational strategy, digital technologies, individual educational route, professionally oriented training, learning principles..

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Actual issues of vocational pedagogy

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_172

Marina P. Tselykh

Annotation. The article deals with the issues of relationship between evaluation and self-assessment in the training of future teachers. It was found that the learning process as a complex unity of the teacher and students activities is closely related to aspects and procedures of the evaluation.

It is argued that pedagogical reflection and the self-assessment ability are significant components of professionalism and the key for its formation and further development. It is noted that learning activity can be increased by specially selected types of work and tasks oriented students to the manifestation of independence, self-expression, introspection, as well as involvement in the educational process.

The results of a survey and fragments of assignments in pedagogical disciplines of the students of the pedagogical university became the material for empirical analysis. It is concluded that the creation of correlation conditions between assessment and self-assessment in the learning process, the use of methods focused on the awareness of students of their status as active subjects of cognition, contributes to the formation of pedagogical reflection and involves students in the process of professional formation improving generally the quality of pedagogical education.

As a result, students are able to acquire and develop competencies not only of the reproductive, but also of the reconstructive and research type.

Keywords: self-assessment, pedagogical reflection, professional training of the teacher.

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Information technology and training resources

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_183

Olga A. Ivanova (Kabanova)

Tetiana N. Bokova

Abstract. Massive open online courses have been gaining their popularity rapidly in the 21st century. Along with beneficial opportunities MOOCs have some drawbacks. The current paper focuses on the experience gained in relation to this issue and attempts to elicit the main aspects of an efficient MOOC design. In order to answer the problematic question raised in the paper there were used such methods as comparative analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, the study of advanced experience. Due to the chosen methods, the key aspects and steps for MOOC design were structured in a table. The researchers have described some of the challenges MOOC creators faced while launching their courses and the authors of the current work list possible solutions to the arising problems on the stage of MOOC design. The paper might interest scholars who study online courses and open education opportunities, MOOC creators as well as their providers.

Keywords: MOOC, online course, MOOC design.

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State and law

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_195

Ekaterina Z. Sidorova

Abstract. The present study contains up-to-date information about modern problems that hinder the provision of a high level of criminological security of the educational environment. The author turns to the analysis of official statistics data, the analysis of current regulatory legal acts and other materials that allow us to identify four key security problems of participants in educational relations. According to the author, we can talk about various types of security that need to be provided in an educational environment. In particular, we are talking about anti-criminal security, and in this case the researcher pays priority attention to the problem of school shooting (an armed attack on participants in educational relations within the walls of educational institutions); about anti-extremist security, and in this case the author reveals the problem of the existence of a large number of youth extremist groups; about security on the Internet, covering which, the author says that currently there is a real threat for participants in educational relations to become victims of Internet criminals; about anti-suicidal safety, and in this case, the problem of involving adolescents in suicidal-oriented social groups is highlighted. The author concludes that conducting such studies will contribute to the development of scientifically sound proposals to overcome these difficulties.

Keywords: school shooting, armed assault, crime in education, educational environment, national security, education system, suicidal influence.

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Psychological and pedagogical follow-up of learning activity in modern education

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_206

Elena V. Falunina

Elena V. Lodkina

Lyudmila A. Shevchenko

Abstract. The article presents a study of the influence of the psychological climate on the effectiveness of the pedagogical process in an educational organization conducted among the employees of the pre-school educational institution by the employees of Bratsk State University. A scientifically based and experimentally tested program of the methodological service of the preschool educational institution named as “Together far and for a long time” was used during the process of the study. The results of the study will be useful to senior educators and methodologies of pre-school educational institutions working with young teachers and pedagogical teams for increasing the psychological climate in the educational organization, and as a result in increasing the effectiveness of the pedagogical process in an educational institution as a whole.

Key words: psychological climate, pedagogical process, teaching staff, group cohesion of the team.

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Scientific life abroad

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_221

Herinelto Casimiro

Luís de Almeida

Sérgio de Oliveira

Debs Tavares

Abstract. The paper contains an overview of the process of the development of science with the emphasis on local science. General models proposed by Imre Lakatos and Thomas Kuhn are described, compared and applied to the sphere of research and development in Angola. The authors analyze the statistics focused on science and its development in Angola, discuss the problems faced by Angolan science and propose the possible solutions.The authors claim that there are key conditions which can provide the global competitiveness of Angola in terms of scientific productivity. The conditions include construction of a benchmarking table for the webometric university ranking indicator and selection of the best university systems in Sub-Saharan African countries; calculations of imitations (simulators) according to variation (increasing) in the webometric rankings of private Angolan Universities in order to increase the webometric university ranking of Angola; construction of a benchmarking table for four webometric indicators for all of the private Universities in Angola.

Key words: scientific paradigm; development of science; Angolan science

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