Female types of german laughter linguocultural: nomination of women in jokes

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_1_69

Raisa I. Babaeva

Anna S. Iatsenko

Abstract. The issues considered in the article are interconnected with the problem of gender relations in the modern German-speaking world. The article describes the most common ways of nominating female characters in modern German-language jokes, on the basis of the identified feminitives, five main feminine types are distinguished, characteristic of the German-language laughing folk linguistic culture: linguocultural types correlated with proper names; linguocultural types correlated with real people, linguocultural types correlated with professions and occupation; linguocultural types correlated with kinship and social relations; linguocultural types correlated with appearance of a woman. The theoretical basis for the analysis of the material was the theory of linguocultural types, developed in domestic linguistics, the theory of discourse analysis, theoretical provisions developed in the framework of the study of humorous discourse, the position of gender linguistics. As a result of the analysis, it is concluded that the identified types are a significant part of the German-speaking laughable folk linguistic culture, the negative qualities of feminine characters, played in a certain way, constitute the pointe of the anecdote, while the positive qualities of female characters manifested in the joke create only a context against which realized pointe.

Key words: humorous discourse, German, joke, feminitive, cultural linguistic type, proper name.

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