Категория: Discourse and Text: vectors of research

Axiological parametrization as a means of image of the future construal in discourse of glossy magazines

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_4_116

Nadezhda N. Kazydub

Inessa E. Klamer

Abstract. The article presents the description of axiological parametrization as an instrument of the image of the future construal in glossy fashion magazines. The aim of the research is substantiated by the value society attaches to the image of the future, on the one hand, and the critical role of media in the modern world, on the other hand. It has been revealed, that in fashion magazines the image of the future takes the form of a trend as a cluster of axiological parameters. In the article three axiological parameters have been identified: brightness, innovation and creativity. The language representations of the image of the future axiological content and its pragmatic force have been described.

Key words: image of the future, social expectations, media communication, orientation potential, linguistic personality, discourse construction, discourse of glossy magazines, trend, linguistic culture.

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The concept of “God” and its metaphorical representation in the english religious discourse

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_4_127

Ekaterina V. Miletova

Yulia P. Chalaya

Abstract. The focus of this research is the concept of «God» and its metaphorical representation in the English religious discourse. The research material is 570 religious texts published in American Theological Inquiry journal from 2000 to the present and posted on the publisher’s website. The paper emphasizes the importance of metaphor in the formation of the addressee’s (believer’s) knowledge about the image of God, his unique abilities and nature. Based on the results of an empirical analysis of the language material, the authors come to the following conclusions: 1) in the conceptual sphere of the English religious discourse, the concept of «God» is one of the key elements which form the system of religious knowledge of a person; 2) the religious discursive sphere is the space of actualization of a cognitive metaphor formed according to the scheme X is Y; 3) in English religious texts, the concept of «God» is often verbalized by metaphors; 4) the main linguistic means of manifestation of the metaphorical model «God is … » are nouns belonging to the core of the metaphor, adjectives and verbs, as a rule, representing the metaphorical periphery.

Key words: English religious discourse, faith, cognitive metaphor, concept of God, metaphorical model, metaphorical core, metaphorical periphery, evaluation, religious text. 

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Modus categorization of erroneous cognitions in the english worldview

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_3_90

Tatiana I. Semenova

Abstract. The study discusses linguistic categorization of erroneous cognitions verbalized by linguistic units like mistake, make a mistake, error, blunder, make a blunder, gaffe, make a gaffe, wrong, get something wrong, make a wrongdoing, wrongness. Of central concern in the research is the issue of the modus (interpretative) character of the concept MISTAKE that serves as the conceptual basis of the modus category of erroneous cognitions. The paper highlights the issue that the concept MISTAKE as a conceptually complex knowledge structure activates two types of knowledge representation: the primary knowledge representation of the events in the physical world (Тelling him the truth)) and the secondary evaluative representation of the knowledge once verbalized (was a mistake).  The paper focuses on the interpretative function of negative evaluative interpretation that serves as the conceptual basis of the modus category of erroneous cognitions. The author comes to the conclusion that the modus category of erroneous cognitions serves to interpret the secondary representation of knowledge from the perspective of the negative evaluation conceptualized as ‘an action  that produces a result that is not intended.’ The modus function of the negative evaluative interpretation serves as the conceptual basis of the modus category of erroneous cognitions. The findings obtained may be helpful for further study of the processes of evaluative interpretation and evaluative categorization as an integral part of human cognition.  

Kew words: mistake, concept, interpretation, modus category, modus categorization, evaluative interpretation, categorical status

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English mass media text on healthy nutrition and its main features (based on the culinary recipes)

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_3_116

Fairuz B. Akbaeva

Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the English mass media text on healthy nutrition and ways to implement its key parameters. Based on the texts of culinary recipes, widely presented in British and American magazines, as well as electronic media, the specificity of their language design is shown. The research material is culinary recipes published in the BBC good food, Cooking light, Olive magazines and posted on the websites of these publishers. The author considers a culinary recipe as a full-fledged text, one of the forms of realization of the mass media discourse of healthy lifestyles in general and the mass media nutritional discourse, in particular, and highlights its key text-forming features, which include: information content, coherence, semantic integrity, completeness, articulation. Taking into account the results of the sample analysis we point out that the English culinary recipes are characterized by: the use of emotional and evaluative vocabulary, the prevalence of nouns, adjectives, verbs, as well as the use of simple sentences, including interrogative and incentive constructions. The parameters of the culinary recipe identified in the course of the study are determined and subordinated to its pragmatics – to attract the attention of the audience and promote self-preparation of a particular dish.

Key words: healthy lifestyle discourse, culinary recipe, mass media discourse, nutritional discourse, structural features, text on healthy eating, text-forming features, language features.

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Language and speech redundancy in the conditions of intercultural communication

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_3_102

Andrey A. Gurenkov

Abstract. The article analyses different manifestations of linguistic redundancy in the context of intercultural communication, the participants of which are native speakers of English and non-native speakers of English. The views of Russian and foreign authors on the classification of language redundancy at the levels of language and speech, as well as analyzing examples of redundancy in spoken and written texts are presented. The result is a detailed classification of language redundancy in intercultural communication both at the level of language structure – grammatical and semantic – and in speech, where redundancy is manifested at the phonetic, orthographic, lexical and syntactic levels. In particular, it can be seen in changes in intonation in speech, pronunciation and spelling errors, lexical repetition and discourse words, the use of words from the native language or other languages, as well as in repetition of the whole sentences with a similar meaning when using similar vocabulary. Moreover, the appearance of redundancy in speech in the framework of intercultural communication is not only a natural process, but it can also serve as a tool to achieve communication goals, as it facilitates the process of speaking and listening.

Key words: language redundancy, intercultural communication, native speaker and non-native speaker, English, language and speech, repetition

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Jacques Rivette’s out 1. Discourse analysis of a film

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_2_89

Evgeniya E. Smirnova

Abstract. The present case study offers a brief review of the history and methods in discourse analysis of films, makes an assumption about the film Out 1: Noli me tangere (1971) by the French director and critic Jacques Rivette being a unique example of a “linguistic” film; makes an attempt to analyze the film with the help of existing theoretical models.

Keywords: Cinematic discourse, discourse analysis, logomorphism, French cinema, semiotics.

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Verbal and non-verbal attractive elements of the web-sites of english luxury hotels (by the example of the Dorchester hotel website)

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_2_78 

Larisa G. Vikulova

Evgeniya A. Elizarova

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the attractive features of the websites of English luxury hotels. The website of The Dorchester Hotel in London is used as an example. This hotel is one of the most prestigious and premium priced hotels of the UK. The official web-site is the main way of communication between the potential guest and the hotel. That’s why the content of the hotel site is the necessary requirement to persuade a person to become a real guest. The article shows different verbal elements that can be attractive for potential guests such as emotional and expressive vocabulary (bespoke luxury, deluxe, executive, etc.), the superlative degree of adjectives (the most iconic, the best, etc.), lexical units referring to hotel business (the gold standard of care, the perfect room for your every need, etc.) A lot of ways of non-verbal communicative elements are used to attract the potential guests’ attention. However, different photos of the luxurious interiors of the hotel and the famous guests are the main semiotic sign for the discerning client. 

Key words: website, hotel, potential guest, addressee, addresser, lexical units, non-verbal units.

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Political news text with the structure «Kebab» aimed at mono and double addresses

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_2_63

Elizaveta A. Vdovichenko

Veronika A. Kameneva

Abstract. The research of text perception and comprehension does not lose its relevance among scholars. News texts addressed to children 8-12 years old (mono-addresser) and to adolescents 10-15 years old (dual addressee) are being published. Their research is of academic interest because political texts are not popular among these age groups. A total of 50 political articles from the French-language magazines 1jour1actu and GEO, targeting mono- and dual addressees, respectively, were each sampled for the period 2013-2022. The quantitative counting indicated that among the material there are articles with information presented according to the “Kebab” (Kebab) structure. More often this structure is inherent in the political news for the dual addressee. While researching the components of “Kebab” structure, it was revealed that the journalist for better perception and retention of the addressee’s attention resorts not only to the basic structural components (“Title”, “Lead”, “Subtitles”, “Anecdote”, “Background”), but also to the invariant ones. For a mono-address, “Nut graf” is used to emphasize the purpose of reading the article. At the end of the news text, another “Anecdote” is used to repeatedly recall the news event.

Keywords: political news text, influence on the reader, manipulation of attention, structure of the news text “Kebab”.

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Strategy of authorization in the english language interpretative discourse

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_1_195

Nadezhda N. Kazydub

Anastasia E. Bazarova

Abstract. The article explores some methods of actualizing one of the legitimation strategies, namely, authorization, in the English language interpretative discourse. As an example of such a discourse the interpretation of the ancient Indian text “Bhagavad-gita” suggested by the translator and commentator is studied. The article features a number of categories used for authorization in this discourse and outlines methods of actualizing the authorization strategy: using modal operators and precedent names, metaphorization, analogy.

Keywords: linguistic interpretation, axiological strategies, values legitimation, authorization, Bhagavad-gita.

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Digital reputation of the scientific community: website of the french academy

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_1_234

Larisa G. Vikulova

Olga I. Korolenko

Irina V. Makarova

Abstract. The article deals with the problem of the digital reputation of the scientific community on the example of the website of the French Academy, through which the reputation of an authoritative institution is formed. It is noted that the trust and reputation of the Academy are created at the expense of scientific achievements, which since the XVII century, in particular, the French Academy has received the privilege and exclusive right to publish the works of its members on the basis of its own decisions, without censorship. It is proved that the consequence of such an innovation was intra-institutional censorship and the development of the concept of “scientific reputation”, when the main regulator are the concepts of self-censorship and the honor of a scientist. It is noted that the reputation of a member of the French Academy, represented on its website, is not only the fame, scientific recognition of the academician among colleagues, but also a guarantee of the reliability of his own statements or the statements of those who highly value him in society. It is emphasized that an important component of the identity of the scientific community, including in the diachronic projection, is its image portrait, formed on the website of the French Academy, which reflects the activities and value orientations of the status scientific institution.

Keywords: digital reputation, scientific community, French academy, website, identity, image.

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