Prerequisites for reforming the educational system in the USSR perestroika period

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Muryukina E. V.

The article deals with the regulatory framework (which acted as prerequisites), which initiated the reform of the educational system and media pedagogy (as a branch of pedagogical knowledge) in the USSR during the period of perestroika. The reform tasks assumed that the issues of education, training and career guidance of students will be solved comprehensively. However, the integrated approach was not reduced to the simultaneity of the solution of this triune problem, nor to the equivalence of its sides. The main link was educational work. Also, the task of countering the ideological processing of Soviet youth in the mass media of capitalist countries required a solution. An important role for solving these and other problems was assigned to new forms and methods of education, so film/media education received prerequisites for its intensive development and transformation in accordance with the demands of society in the USSR during the period of perestroika.

Keywords: reform, regulatory framework, USSR, education, upbringing, goals, tasks, media education.


* The article was written in the framework of the study with the financial support of a grant from The Russian Foundation for basic research (RFBR). Project No. 19-013-00597 “Transformation processes in the domestic media education of the period of perestroika”, carried out at the Rostov State University of Economics. Project Manager – E. V. Muryukina.

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