Категория: Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

Analysis of russian military patriotic feature films of the soviet and post-soviet periods*

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_4_194

Irina V. Chelysheva

Abstract. The article deals with the problems of using educational, developmental and educational tasks of media education in a university environment. The author presents a theoretical review of research on the topic, analyzes methodological approaches in working with students, contributing to the development of civic engagement, the formation of civic consciousness, a sense of patriotism based on Russian military patriotic feature films of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods.

Analysis of cinematic material includes the study of key media educational concepts: “media agencies”, “media categories”, “media language”, “media technologies”, “media representations”, “media audiences”. Also, the examples of creative assignments are presented, the use of which is possible in lectures and practical classes in a student audience.

The article also presents a short filmography of cinematographic works of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods.

Key words: media, media education, art cinematography, patriotism, civic engagement, media text analysis, students.

*The reported study was funded by RFBR and EISR, project number21-011-31036 «Formation of university students’ civic engagement based on the material of national art cinema».

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Development of university students’ civic culture on the material of russian social drama films

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_4_180

Galina V. Mikhaleva

Abstract. The article discusses the technologies and methods of conducting university classes with the elements of film education that contribute to promoting students’ civic engagement based on Russian social drama films. The main research method is a critical analysis of audiovisual media texts about acute social problems of our time, including the analysis of the social stereotypes representations, character analysis, plot analysis and ethical analysis of media representations. Film education allows one to meet some specific educational objectives when viewing and analysing social drama films in the student audience, which are as follows: developing university students’ critical skills in analysing audiovisual media texts, including social stereotypes; teaching students to reasonably defend their life and civic positions, and attitudes to various social challenges of our time; cultivating spiritual and moral values, awareness of national and state identity among young people; fostering civic culture and responsibility; encouraging models of constructive behaviour in various difficult life situations, including problematic and conflict situations; inspiring a strong feeling of rejection of antisocial and disruptive behaviour among young people.

Keywords: civic engagement, civic culture, social drama, university students, film education, audiovisual media text, social stereotype, media representation, civic education, civic competence, critical analysis.

The reported study was funded by RFBR and EISR, project number 21-011-31036.

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Development of interethnic tolerance of student youth on the material of the motion pictures

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_3_216

Irina V.Chelysheva

Abstract. The article discusses methodological and methodical approaches to the problem of the development of interethnic tolerance of the student audience based on the material of fiction movies. The author presents the implementing of a cycle of media education classes in the educational process of a university based on the identified main Russian and foreign theoretical and methodological concepts for the development of interethnic tolerance, which can be a promising basis for further successful development in Russian conditions in the context of using educational, educative tasks of media education; development of technologies and methods for conducting training sessions at the university with elements of media education, contributing to the development of interethnic tolerance.

The author presents an analysis of classes, the fundamental basis of which is modern domestic and foreign methods and technologies that are most widely used in modern media education practice. The work with feature films is based on the main types of analysis of works of media culture: autobiographical, structural, critical, semiotic, identification, analysis of cultural mythology, analysis of key characters, etc.

Keywords: media, media education, interethnic tolerance, students, motion pictures, creative activities, analysis of the media text.

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Development of interethnic tolerance among university students on the material of television media texts

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_3_202

Galina V. Mikhaleva

Abstract. The article discusses the methodological and methodical tools in the study of realizing educational objectives by means of media education based on the material of television media texts, including the technologies and methods of conducting university practical classes with elements of media education to foster students’ interethnic tolerance. Practical approaches are based on the methodology for performing literary-imitative, literary-analytical, theatrical role-playing activities on the material of media culture, based on the key concepts of media education: media agencies, media categories, media languages, media technologies, media representations, media audiences. Media education allows one to solve specific educational tasks in the discussion of television programs on the topic of interethnic tolerance in the student audience, which are as follows: forming a stable sense of rejecting the ideology of racial, national, interethnic, interfaith intolerance and extremism among university students; developing students’ critical skills for analysing media texts on the topic of interethnic tolerance; destroying social prejudices and stereotypes in the university environment; teaching young people to define methods of media manipulation and the propaganda of interethnic intolerance in the media based on a critical analysis of media texts; expanding and enriching the cultural, historical and social experience of the youth audience in the field of intercultural communication.

Keywords: interethnic tolerance, television media texts, students, dialogue of cultures, ethnic stereotypes, media education, media text, re-presentation, hate speech, national identity, ethnic culture, xenophobia.

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Development of interethnic tolerance among university students on the material of documentary films

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_2_151

Galina V. Mikhaleva

Abstract. The article discusses the methodological and methodical tools in the study of implementing educational tasks by means of media education based on documentary films, including the development of technologies and methods of teaching university classes with elements of media education to foster students’ interethnic tolerance. Hands-on approaches are based on the methodology of performing literary-imitative, literary-analytical, theatrical role-playing tasks on the material of media culture using the key concepts of media education: media agencies, media categories, media languages, media technologies, media representations, media audiences. Media education allows to solve specific educational tasks during the discussion of documentaries with students on the topic of interethnic tolerance.  These tasks are to teach university students to reject the ideology of racial, national, interethnic, interfaith intolerance and extremism; improve interpersonal relations among students based on mutual understanding, patience and mutual assistance; develop students’ ability to listen and hear, to “put” themselves in the place of the interlocutor; develop students’ skills of critical analysis of media texts on the topic of interethnic tolerance.

Keywords: interethnic tolerance, documentary films, students, dialogue of cultures, ethnic stereotypes, media education, media text, representation, hate speech, national identity, multicultural state, ethnic culture, xenophobia.

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Development of interethnic tolerance of american students in the process of media education

Mikhaleva G. V.

The article discusses theoretical and practical approaches to developing interethnic tolerance of student youth in the US by means of media education at the present stage. The analysis shows that in the context of fostering interethnic tolerance in the contemporary American system of media education, the following methods of media and information literacy are used: issue-enquiry approach, problem-based learning, scientific enquiry, case study, cooperative learning, critical and semiotic analyses of media content, contextual analysis, “transformation” method of media content, role-plays and simulations, projects.

Key words: student youth, media education, interethnic tolerance, ethnic stereotype, discrimination, racism, USA, mass media, hate speech, media and information literacy.

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Media-educational model on radio material in the USSR 1980-s (from the experience of G. Y. Dorf)

Muryukina E. V.

The article considers the media educational model on the radio material, which has synthesized the educational and ethical and practical utilitarian groups. We relied on the experience of the media teacher G. Y. Dorf. The purpose of the media educational model is harmonious training and education of students using school radio. The functions, organisational form and structure of the media education model are presented. The main content was presented by the following blocks: study of young radio operators; forms of radio speech; study of announcers; culture of radio speech; from newspaper to school air; school affairs – the main theme of radio programs.

Key words: media educational model, 1980s, USSR, school radio, G. Y. Dorf, purpose, content, structure.

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Experience of organizing workshops for students on promoting interethnic tolerance by means of media education

Mikhaleva G. V.

The article presents the experience of organizing and conducting scientific and practical online workshops from the series “Modern methods and technologies for fostering interethnic tolerance of university students (within the framework of Russian and English-language media education)” aimed at developing interethnic tolerance and culture of modern youth by means of media education based on key media education theories (sociocultural, critical autonomy, semiotic, etc.) widely used in practical media work in Russia and abroad. The author presents specific methods and techniques of media education, as well as exercises that were used to analyse ethnic stereotypes in the student audience.

Key words: media education, interethnic tolerance, student youth, ethnic stereotype, discrimination, racism.

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Civil approach in media education in the CIS countries

Salny R. V.

The article analyzes the development of a civic approach in media education in the CIS countries. The author presents a comparative analysis of the options for the concepts of media educational projects proposed by the researchers in the CIS countries and identifies their distinctive features.

Keywords: media education, civic approach, CIS, media, ideology, critical thinking, manipulation. 

* This article was written with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) as part of research project No. 18-013-00022 “Mass Media Education in the CIS Countries (1992-2020)”, carried out at the Rostov State University of Economics.

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Media education in Moldova

Salny R. V.

The article analyzes the experience of implementing media education in Moldova based on a review of key events and trends. The content of the new textbooks on media education intended for students of the 3rd – 4th, 7th – 8th and 10th – 11th grades is described. The problem of the bias of their authors is revealed.

Key words: media education, Moldova, critical thinking, propaganda, media, manipulation, digital literacy. 

* This article was written with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) as part of research project No. 18-013-00022 “Mass Media Education in the CIS Countries (1992-2020)”, carried out at the Rostov State University of Economics.

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