Категория: Air transport security

Probabilistic description of wind gusts in the runway area affecting the safety of aircraft flights

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_3_22

Elena I. Trusova

Vitalii D. Rubtsov

Alexandra L. Rybalkina

Abstract. The influence of wind gusts on the safety of aircraft flights is described. The impulse nature of wind gusts is substantiated. Experimental studies of wind gusts carried out with the help of a parametric recording device on an ultrasonic beam and an anemometer are analyzed, and it is shown that wind gusts have an impulsive nature, similar to atmospheric noise envelope emissions. The results of the analytical description of the probabilistic characteristics of atmospheric noise envelope emissions known from the literature are applied to wind gusts on the runway. Characteristics are given for the average duration of wind gusts, intervals between wind gusts and the average duration of intervals, the distribution of the duration of wind gusts, the average number and distribution of maxima of wind gusts.

Keywords: gusts of wind, probabilistic description, flight safety, aircraft, logarithmically normal model.

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Determination of the necessary quantity of spare parts to maintain the performance of devices

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_3_6

Nikolai S. Khersonsky

Ludmila G. Bolshedvorskaya 

Abstract. The paper is a logical continuation of a series of publications devoted to solving problems aimed at managing the process of assessing the production of non-conforming products through the use of statistical methods. This paper presents mathematical models for determining the required quantity of spare parts for devices consisting of a large number of identical units and assessing the dependence of the quantity of spare units on the number of operating devices and repair teams servicing them. The developed mathematical models are universal and can be used for any industry: aviation, atomic, chemical industry, etc.

Key words: mathematical model, queuing systems, devices, failure rate, mean time to failure, spare parts, units, repair team.

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Analysis of the de-icing procedures effect on the flight safety level in the operation of a long-haul passenger airplane

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_2_15

Sergey V. Skorobogatov

Abstract. The purpose of this article is to investigate the barrier ice accretion after aircraft de-icing, as well as to analyze the impact of it on flight safety. The influence degree of the flight speed factor, the factor of the ice ridges location relative to the aircraft Pitot tubes on the airflow disturbance creation and the total pressure indicators pulsations is studied. It was analyzed the aviation accidents related to the aircraft icing process. A detailed study of the incident caused by the barrier ice in the fuselage nose section was performed; weather conditions and de-icing procedure by the ground personnel were analyzed. It has been presented a picture of the turbulent flow pulsations behind the ice ridges, making it possible to determine the flight conditions when the crew may receive unreliable information about the airspeed being an important parameter necessary for the autopilot normal operation.

Keywords: icing, de-icing, flight safety, ice ridges, Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations.

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Assessment of equipment performability depending on the manifestation of random and non-random factors

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_2_6

Nikolai S. Khersonsky

Ludmila G. Bolshedvorskaya

Abstract. The main motive for conducting the study was the need to consider in detail the change in equipment performability depending on the manifestation of random and non-random factors. The results obtained will make it possible to solve particular problems conditioned by the need to assess the survivability of equipment, the likelihood of its service life or radical replacement.

Key words: simulation, survivability, equipment performability, equipment replacement

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Assessment of adverse conditions for helicopter pilotage

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_1_42

Elena I. Trusova

Alexandra L. Rybalkina

Nikolay I. Nikolaykin

Abstract. The results of the analysis of negative aviation events caused by difficult weather conditions are presented; it is statistically confirmed that this predominantly occurs with helicopters. The influence of environmental factors on the piloting of aircraft is overviewed, the mechanism of such influence is explained; an analysis of earlier studies is given. The possibility to reduce the piloting risks by preliminary assessment of the adverse weather risks is shown. For the planned helicopter flights, a method of preliminary compensation of environmental influence is proposed.

Keywords: weather conditions, risk assessment methodology, flight safety, helicopter.

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Selection and justification of methods and mathematical models of equipment wear and replacement

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_1_27

Nikolai S. Khersonsky

Ludmila G. Bolshedvorskaya

Abstract. The authors develop and show the practical applicability of mathematical models for assessing the wear of equipment. According to the property of fixed assets, which equipment belongs to, it has to be replaced as a result of wear and tear. In this connection, the relevance of the conducted research is caused by the search of models for assessing their state at a given moment of time. The complexity of developing such models is due to the fact that the characteristics of equipment performance are random values and random functions. When planning the work of the enterprise it is necessary to take into account the statistical characteristics of the survivability of the equipment. Only in this way it is possible to foresee in advance the amount of renewable equipment, the order of preventive maintenance and the terms in which equipment should be replaced to ensure uninterrupted implementation of the production program without excessive investment expenditures of the enterprise.

Key words:  mathematical models, wear and replacement of equipment, optimization.

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Implementation of multiple-level education in the professional training of specialists for airport emergency services

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_17

Natalia N. Ivanskaia

Valerii A. Kuklev

Andrey V. Seleznev

Nikolay I. Nikolaykin

Abstract. The purpose of the article is to harmonize the professional training of bachelors and masters in the field of firefighting and rescue support for flights with the current regulatory frame-work governing the activities of rescuers in aviation. As a result, positions with the qualifications of “bachelor” and “master” were allocated in the organizational structure of the airport RFFS. The labor functions corresponding to them are determined; professional competencies and indicators of their achievement are formulated; the courses of the professional block of the curriculum for the preparation of bachelors and masters are proposed.

Keywords: rescue and firefighting, civil aviation, Federal State Educational Standard (FSES) 3++.

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Algorithm of applicability of statistical methods for control, regulation and prediction of output parameters of products

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_6

Nikolai S. Khersonsky

Ludmila G. Bolshedvorskaya

Abstract. Logically, the article is a continuation of an earlier study devoted to determining the practical applicability of statistical methods for assessing the compliance of manufactured products with the requirements of regulatory documentation and reflects their application depending on the stages of the product life cycle. The results obtained suggest that the application of this method in various industries (aviation, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, defense, etc.) will significantly improve the quality of finished products, as well as guarantee the operational performance of components manufactured by domestic manufacturers in the format of solving the problem of import substitution.

Key words: flight safety, import substitution, products, quality of finished products and components, non-conforming products.

Download article in PDF 363.9 kB

Control of evaluating non-conforming products based on statistical methods

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_3_33

Nikolai S. Khersonsky

Ludmila G. Bolshedvorskaya

Abstract. The purpose of this work is to determine the practical applicability of statistical methods for assessing the compliance of manufactured products with the requirements of regulatory documentation and substantiating the feasibility of strategic planning of their production range. The advantage of this study is the development of a universal algorithm for the system of applying statistical methods to control nonconforming products and reduce the number of defects caused by known and little-known causes. The reliability of the conclusions obtained is due to the results of experiments carried out as part of the technological process, the objects of which were cylindrical parts made by pressing from materials of various physical and chemical composition used in various industries: aviation, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, defense, etc. 

Key words: statistical methods, quality of components, nonconforming products, requirements of regulatory documentation, flight safety.

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Logic-probabilistic modeling of hazardous situations in the investigation of aviation events

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_3_6

Anatoly G. Guziy

Dmitry A. Shiryaev

Abstract. The article presents an original formalizable logical-probabilistic model for the development of hazardous situations in flight, the use of which contributes to the deepening of the analysis of flight safety as a state of the air transport system, covering all its components and interfaces directly or indirectly involved, the current state of which determines the risk of an accident in each specific flight.

It is shown that the effectiveness of measures to reduce the risk of aviation accidents (prevention of aviation events) within the framework of the civil aircraft flight safety management system is largely determined by the level of organization, depth and quality of the investigation of aviation events.

The developed model is essential for organizing the collection of data and recording the results of aviation events investigation, as well as hazard and risk factors that pose a threat to the safety of civil aircraft flights. It allows you to implement a systematic approach to the investigation of aviation accidents, aviation incidents and their prerequisites, providing coverage of all directly or indirectly involved components of the air transport system and interfaces, the current state of which determines the risk of an accident in each particular flight.

The collection and registration of the results of the investigation of aviation events, data on hazard and risk factors for flight safety within the framework of the state system for managing the safety of civil aircraft flights on the basis of the developed model contributes to the fulfillment of the requirements of international and national legislation by all participants in the flight safety management process.

Key words: flight safety, dangerous situations, hazard factors, accident prevention factors, probability of development of a dangerous flight situation, investigation of aviation events.

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