Категория: # 4, 2022

Selection and substantiation of parameters and performance indicators of the in- service inspection system of onboard aircraft equipment units

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_70

Sergey V. Kuznetsov

Abstract. The in-service inspection (ISI) system of onboard equipment of civil aircraft provides management of technical operation processes. Its quality is manifested in the process of in-service inspection. The ISI involves determining the technical state of monitor objects at various stages of operation: in flight, during operational maintenance (pre-flight and post-flight check), during periodic maintenance, after removing the equipment from the aircraft. The analysis of the problem of forming and improving the ISI system for onboard equipment shows its complexity requiring a systematic approach based on the appropriate mathematical apparatus. The ISI is characterized by the inspection accuracy, i.e. a property of technical state inspection which determines the degree of display objectivity as a result of monitoring the actual technical state of a monitor object. As quantitative parameters and performance indicators of the ISI system for onboard equipment, the characteristics of the inspection accuracy serve. To determine them, rational sets of technical states and decisions about the technical states of onboard units were formed. Based on belonging to these sets, three groups of the inspection accuracy characteristics were identified. The first group consists of conditional probabilities of transitions in the in-service inspection for various types of control. The second group consists of unconditional probabilities of transitions in the in-service inspection for various types of control. The third group consists of a posteriori decision-making probabilities in the process of in-service inspection for various types of control. Analytical dependencies for calculating the inspection accuracy characteristics of the three groups for onboard units and the relationship between them were determined.

Key words: in-service inspection system, technical operation process, technical state, inspection accuracy, onboard equipment.

Download article in PDF 775.5 kB

The relationship between evaluation and self-assessment in the training of future pedagogues

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_172

Marina P. Tselykh

Annotation. The article deals with the issues of relationship between evaluation and self-assessment in the training of future teachers. It was found that the learning process as a complex unity of the teacher and students activities is closely related to aspects and procedures of the evaluation.

It is argued that pedagogical reflection and the self-assessment ability are significant components of professionalism and the key for its formation and further development. It is noted that learning activity can be increased by specially selected types of work and tasks oriented students to the manifestation of independence, self-expression, introspection, as well as involvement in the educational process.

The results of a survey and fragments of assignments in pedagogical disciplines of the students of the pedagogical university became the material for empirical analysis. It is concluded that the creation of correlation conditions between assessment and self-assessment in the learning process, the use of methods focused on the awareness of students of their status as active subjects of cognition, contributes to the formation of pedagogical reflection and involves students in the process of professional formation improving generally the quality of pedagogical education.

As a result, students are able to acquire and develop competencies not only of the reproductive, but also of the reconstructive and research type.

Keywords: self-assessment, pedagogical reflection, professional training of the teacher.

Download article in PDF 323.6 kB

Strategies for mastering the content of language education using digital technologies by students of technical universities

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_159

Elena M. Kazantseva

Olga A. Kolmakova

Anzhela A. Kazantseva

Nataliya A. Sverdlova

Abstract. These days, in the context of international interaction in various spheres of economics, science, technology and cooperation, the issue of language education for students of technical universities is being actualized.

The subject of the paper is foreign language professionally oriented training, which involves the development of professionally significant skills and abilities, the formation of professional thinking allowing students to take into account the cultural and linguistic diversity of economic and technical systems.

The personality-development content of modern language education determines the emergence of various strategies for its acquisition. They are formed depending on students’ needs and capabilities. What is meant here is a strategy of staying in the content, a step-by-step strategy, a strategy of information exchange, etc.

In this case, these strategies are closely interconnected with one or another paradigm of education, for instance, the scientific-technocratic, humanitarian paradigm and the paradigm of tradition.

Digital technologies are not only a tool but also an environment for existence, which introduces new opportunities for mastering the content of language education: learning at any convenient time, continuous education, the ability to design individual educational routes.

In this regard, it is necessary to modernize the process of professional training, widely introduce digital tools for educational activities and integrate them into the educational environment.

Therefore, to ensure the effectiveness of the process it is necessary to determine each strategy that can be used to master language education with the help of digital technologies and identify the principles of learning that should be relied upon when using a particular strategy.

The implementation of the studied strategies in terms of new educational conditions will allow the teachers to integrate them within learning technologies. Using the strategies in an educational process will result in a qualitative breakthrough in the field of language education.

Keywords: language education, engineering education, educational paradigm, educational strategy, digital technologies, individual educational route, professionally oriented training, learning principles..

Download article in PDF 318.2 kB

Forming family communication values in primary school children in the digital educational environment

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_146

Lyubov V. Bannikova

Viktorya I. Morozova

Abstract. The article addresses the issue of schoolchildren studying from home by means of e-learning platforms and resources. The authors highlight the importance of family communication values, detailing the specifics of their formation, as well as consider effectiveness of online learning platforms such as Moscow Electronic School (MES) in terms of conducting family-themed lessons for primary school students. Special attention is given to textual and visual content of e-lesson scenarios on the topic of family in terms of their design, perception and educational impact on children. The research is based on a socio-cultural methodological approach and relies on a variety of research methods, including literature review, review of didactic materials, synthesis, generalization. The authors specify criteria for analysis of educational materials as well as how family values and examples of positive family interactions as key value orientations of the modern society are presented in digital educational resources. The article emphasizes the need of maintaining a balance between employing learning tools available within the digital educational environment and preserving the role of the teacher as a transmitter of national, individual and universal values and traditions. The study has practical significance as it provides guidelines for effective selection and updating digital educational content for family-themed lessons in primary schools. These guidelines may aid teachers in accumulating online learning resources with certain substantive and procedural characteristics beneficial for promoting a positive image of the family.

Keywords: digital educational environment, family communication, primary school education.

Download article in PDF 311.1 kB

Mass media text on healthy nutrition as a metaphorically marked sphere (based on the english language)

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_99

Fairuz B. Akbaeva

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the metaphorically marked nature of the mass media text on healthy nutrition. The study is focused on the English-language texts published in British and American journals on healthy nutrition. Recognizing the relevance of the problem of healthy lifestyle in general, and healthy food, in particular, the author speaks of the existence within the mass media of certain language mechanisms that influence the worldview, ideals and values of the addressee, and, as a result, contribute to the popularization of the idea of healthy lifestyle. In this process, metaphor is given one of the key roles. The results of the analysis of actual material indicate the presence in the texts on healthy nutrition of anthropomorphic, nature-morphic, sociomorphic and artifact metaphorical models, characterized by its own set of metaphorical transformations and its own number of verbalizers. It is significant that in the case of nature-morphic, sociomorphic and artifact models of metaphor, the metaphorical meaning is actualized in the context with the help of nouns, while with anthropomorphic metaphor – by verbs. The paper presents quantitative data signifying the sample material and the frequency of the above-mentioned metaphor models.

Key words: mass media discourse, nutritional discourse, text on healthy nutrition, cognitive metaphor, metaphorical modeling, English.

Download article in PDF 440.9 kB

The interaction of self-reference and ino-reference components of social advertising texts

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_116

Elizaveta C. Dakhalaeva

Alexandra A. Serebryakova

Abstract. The study purpose is to identify the self-referential and ino-referential components interaction of the French social advertising.

The use of the «self-reference» and «ino-reference» concepts developed by N. Luhmann helps to identify self-referential and ino-referential elements in social advertising.

  1. Kozhemyakin and T. Krasikova applied these concepts to the media reality in the TV shop. Their scheme has been modified. The social advertising components have been identified:
  • self-referential (the addressee’s emotions, the addressee’s social values, the problem statement in everyday situations);
  • non-referential (advertising initiator, call to action, functional / design characteristics of advertising).

Design characteristics are obligatory for all social advertisements. This is the most difficult component: according to the canons of creating this type of advertising, the social problem should not be demonstrated directly, but through hints, metaphors, comparisons, and playing around the situation. Thus, visual material in social advertising is presented in an unusual way, and the verbal component is conveyed by various stylistic means of expression.

In the practical part, visual schemes of the interaction of internal and external referents with a different number of active, explicitly presented elements (from 2 to 4) have been built, which contribute to the decoding of implicit components and the correct decoding of the main message of social advertising by the addressee.

Key words: self-reference, ino-reference, internal referent, external referent, advertising, verbal, non-verbal components.

Download article in PDF 643.4 kB

The key aspects for MOOC design: foreign and domestic experience

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_183

Olga A. Ivanova (Kabanova)

Tetiana N. Bokova

Abstract. Massive open online courses have been gaining their popularity rapidly in the 21st century. Along with beneficial opportunities MOOCs have some drawbacks. The current paper focuses on the experience gained in relation to this issue and attempts to elicit the main aspects of an efficient MOOC design. In order to answer the problematic question raised in the paper there were used such methods as comparative analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, the study of advanced experience. Due to the chosen methods, the key aspects and steps for MOOC design were structured in a table. The researchers have described some of the challenges MOOC creators faced while launching their courses and the authors of the current work list possible solutions to the arising problems on the stage of MOOC design. The paper might interest scholars who study online courses and open education opportunities, MOOC creators as well as their providers.

Keywords: MOOC, online course, MOOC design.

Download article in PDF 286.7 kB

Development of science in the Angolan perspective: problems and solutions

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_221

Herinelto Casimiro

Luís de Almeida

Sérgio de Oliveira

Debs Tavares

Abstract. The paper contains an overview of the process of the development of science with the emphasis on local science. General models proposed by Imre Lakatos and Thomas Kuhn are described, compared and applied to the sphere of research and development in Angola. The authors analyze the statistics focused on science and its development in Angola, discuss the problems faced by Angolan science and propose the possible solutions.The authors claim that there are key conditions which can provide the global competitiveness of Angola in terms of scientific productivity. The conditions include construction of a benchmarking table for the webometric university ranking indicator and selection of the best university systems in Sub-Saharan African countries; calculations of imitations (simulators) according to variation (increasing) in the webometric rankings of private Angolan Universities in order to increase the webometric university ranking of Angola; construction of a benchmarking table for four webometric indicators for all of the private Universities in Angola.

Key words: scientific paradigm; development of science; Angolan science

Download article in PDF 261.3 kB

On improving the efficiency of the training of engineering and technical personnel of radio equipment and radio communication services based on the method of computer emulation of radio equipment

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_56

Stepan V. Shalupin

Eduard A. Bolelov

Vyacheslav V. Erokhin

Abstract. The quality of operation of objects of radio technical support for flights largely determines both their capabilities for air navigation support and the safety of flights of civil aviation aircraft. In turn, the quality of the work performed for the maintenance of facilities is determined by the level of professional training of the engineering and technical personnel of the services for the operation of radio technical flight support. The analysis of the personnel training system has shown that the forms of training have not changed much and still include lectures, group and practical classes, and exercises at real objects of radio technical support for flights. The methodological support of the implemented forms of training conducted in the training units is visual materials in the form of posters, dummies, interactive tools and layouts that do not provide dynamic filling of the studied methods of functioning and maintenance and repair of specific types of equipment. At the same time, for the personnel of the operation services, the skills and abilities of monitoring the technical condition and modes of operation of the objects of radio technical support for flights, diagnosing failures and technologies for carrying out maintenance work are especially important.

Radical changes in the system of training workers and increasing the effectiveness of this training can be achieved with the introduction of computer simulators based on the method of equipment emulation.

This article is devoted to the analysis of the training system for engineering and technical personnel of the services for the operation of radio equipment and communication facilities, the disclosure of its shortcomings and the consideration of the method of computer emulation of objects of radio technical support for flights, as the basis for building simulator systems.

Keywords: radio engineering support of flights, maintenance, engineering and technical personnel, advanced training, emulation, computer simulator.

Download article in PDF 392.0 kB

« Older Entries