Anastasia E. Muravieva
Ekaterina S. Muchkina
Abstract. In this article, the authors analyze the metaphors used to communicate one of the most important processes in human life β the process of learning β in the pedagogical Internet discourse. They conclude that this type of discourse features five dominant metaphors: LEARNING IS EATING, LEARNING IS A JOURNEY, LEARNING IS CLIMBING A MOUNTAIN, LEARNING IS BUILDING A PUZZLE, LEARNING IS BUILDING A HOUSE. The article will primarily benefit metaphor scholars and might also be relevant to anyone with an interest in the representation of different aspects of education.
Keywords: conceptual metaphor, education, learning, pedagogical discourse.
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Tatiana I. Semenova
Anna S. Ishenina
Abstract. The theoretical background of the research is a set of principles and assumptions of cognitive linguistics to the study of the interrelation of linguistic and cognitive structures. The goal of the paper is to consider linguistic conceptualization of mental imagery. Linguocognitive approach to mental verbs as mental representations enables to highlight the complexity of the semantic structure of imagination predicates. The paper brings into focus the issue of the categorical status of the linguistic phenomenon of imagination. It is argued that imagination is structured in the language as a modus category in which the role of the cognizing subject is fixed. The authors claim that modus of imagination represents a specific knowledge structure of the formation of mental images of objects, situations, and states of affairs in the mind of a cognizing subject. The findings obtained may be helpful for further study of the role of language in providing access to cognitive structures and to understanding how human mind works.
Key words: imagination, knowledge structure, mental representation, mental image, linguistic conceptualization, categorical status, modus.
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Tatiana I. Semenova
Anna A. Chapaykina
Abstract. The theoretical background of the research is a set of principles and assumptions of cognitive linguistics to the study of the meaning of a linguistic form in the context of other cognitive structures. The objectives of the paper is to consider semantic shifts of the verb find and reveal cognitive strategies of verbal semantic derivation. The research is based on the empirical data from available sources and corpora data. The study is conducted within the framework of cognitive semantics where language meaning is viewed as knowledge structure.
The paper considers the phenomenon of lexical polysemy from a cognitive perspective. Of particular concern is the issue of semantic extension of the polysemous verb find. The study brings into focus such parameters of the verbal meaning as taxonomic category of the verb and semantic roles of the participants. It is argued that the change of any parameter causes semantic shifts of the lexical meaning of the verb find.
Β The results obtained may be helpful for further study of productive semantic derivation processes in the framework of cognitive semantics.
Key words: conceptualization, language meaning, polysemy, semantic derivation, cognitive domain, mental state, evaluative statement.
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Olga A. Kostrova
Abstract. Interdisciplinary approach is a basic research method of contemporary human sciences. Abroad, they reveal intralingual categorial interaction as well as interlingual interference and personal identification. In the last studies of Russian linguists, there are methods, principles and technologies of categorial transfer revealed. In cognitive linguistics, the problem of new definition of language and their functions is discussed. In this paper, the author continues the study of categorial interaction that was started in her previous work. Now, the study is devoted to analysis of verbal communication in monographs by domestic and foreign linguists. The author proceeds from the methodological principle of system holism that defines language type and cultural system based on context relation. In her analyses, the author uses the method of interpretation to explain the terminology and language units. She has revealed some specific features of categorial interaction in everyday, political and textual communication. Also, she has confirmed the thesis by Edward Hall about the fundamental meaning of the cultural context that defines language functioning. She precises the value of language system in verbal communication.
The research opens the perspectives for further studies which can generalize the interdisciplinary methods of linguistic analyses. These methods are high demand in a lot of spheres: by supervision of research, by expert supervision of theses and scientific papers as well as by participating on scientific symposiums and preparing the papers for publication.
Key words: categorial interaction, language system, cultural concepts, verbal communication, everyday communication, political speech, text
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UDC 81 BBK 80
Ukanakova N. V.
The aim of the paper is to suggest analyzing secondary author-focused texts for the purposes of text perception and production research. The main results of the research concern the cognitive model of the text projection forming process which is applied to the production of secondary author-focused texts. The latter ones are looked upon as material realizations of readerβs (or viewerβs) text projections. Correlations between strategies, tactics of text projection forming process and cognitive operation type for interpreting information acquired by the reader are described. Suggested practical implications of the research include developing general cognitive model of text perception and text production. Secondary author-focused texts and their peculiarities aimed at preserving the authorβs image in the procreated text require further exploration.
Keywords: text perception and production strategies; cognitive model, hypermediality; secondary (product) author-focused text.
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