Категория: # 3, 2020

Pedagogical modeling in improving the quality of pedagogical activity

Omelchuk I. N.

Kozyrev N. A.

Kozyreva O. A.

The article presents the definitions and models of the concept of “pedagogical modeling”, defines the pedagogical conditions for the qualitative solution of the problems of pedagogical activity using the method of pedagogical modeling. The specifics of building a scientific and pedagogical search and scientific research in pedagogical activity is determined by the possibility of a qualitative solution to the problems of personality development in the model of lifelong education, this practice can be enhanced in the constructs of the formation of a culture of independent work of an individual.

The possibilities of a teacher’s productive formation can be visualized in qualitatively solved problems of scientific research, the specifics and nuances of this practice are usually reflected in scientific publications of both future teachers and experienced teachers.

Keywords: technology of system-pedagogical modeling, culture of student’s independent work, culture of independent work of the teacher, culture of independent work of the individual, pedagogical modeling, pedagogical methodology.

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Trends in contemporary german-language and russian literature about the future

Mueller C. A.

This study presents current trends in approaches to modeling the future in German, Austrian and Russian literature. It becomes obvious that there are differences in the focal points: while Russian future literature deals with the achievements and issues of technological progress, German and Austrian authors concentrate on the sociological and philosophical implications of the technology-based transformations of society. A specialty of Russian future literature is the replication of online games in the written literature.

Key words: Literary Studies, Comparative Studies, Contemporary Literature, Russia, Germany, Austria

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Methodological peculiarities of using authentic audio materials to improve phonetic skills at foreign language lessons in primary school

Trubina Z. I.

The paper deals with the formation of students ‘ pronunciation skills. The content of teaching phonetics and the methodology of using authentic audio materials (audiobooks, podcasts, radiobroadcasts) in foreign language lessons in primary school are clarified. The achievements of methodological science in the aspect of pronunciation training are briefly presented.

The phonetic skill is considered through the prism of the dispute on the possibility/impossibility of its approximate formation in primary school in a non- language environment. The author proves that it is possible to master the skills of correct pronunciation in everyday educational practice, provided that authentic audio materials are used.

Key words: phonetic minimum, phonetic skills, primary school, authentic audio materials, audiobooks, podcasts, radiobroadcasts.

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An integrated approach to the study of buryat folk tales at the lessons of literary reading

Sodnomov S.Ts.

The Buryat folk tale is a treasure of folk wisdom. It is distinguished by the depth of ideas, rich content, poetic language and a high educational potential.

The author’s experience of working in expert commissions and observing lessons devoted to the study of folk tales at literary reading lessons in the Buryat language showed that teachers do not pay much attention to the structure of fairy tales and do not adequately analyze them. A lesson in literary reading turns into a lesson of reading and retelling a fabulous text. Therefore the paper offers a comprehensive approach and the principle of a holistic analysis of Buryat folk tales at the lessons of literary reading in the Buryat language.

Key words: folk tale, folk wisdom, integrated approach, the principle of holistic analysis, methods of reading and analyzing fairy tales, structure of a fairy tale, literary reading.

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Linguistic means of expressing indirect evaluation in modern english political discourse

Krivchenko I.B.

Mustafaeva L.P.

The paper focuses on the analysis of indirect evaluation and its linguistic means in the modern English political discourse. Emotionally coloured words, which are frequent in the political speeches of the English and American politicians, stylistic devices they employ and communicative strategies and tactics which lie in the basis of any political speech may be used to express evaluation indirectly. The authors claim that it is indirect evaluation which prevails nowadays in the political communication held in the English language.

Key words: political discourse, political speech, evaluation, indirect evaluation, linguistic means of evaluation.

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Media-educational model on radio material in the USSR 1980-s (from the experience of G. Y. Dorf)

Muryukina E. V.

The article considers the media educational model on the radio material, which has synthesized the educational and ethical and practical utilitarian groups. We relied on the experience of the media teacher G. Y. Dorf. The purpose of the media educational model is harmonious training and education of students using school radio. The functions, organisational form and structure of the media education model are presented. The main content was presented by the following blocks: study of young radio operators; forms of radio speech; study of announcers; culture of radio speech; from newspaper to school air; school affairs – the main theme of radio programs.

Key words: media educational model, 1980s, USSR, school radio, G. Y. Dorf, purpose, content, structure.

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Experience of organizing workshops for students on promoting interethnic tolerance by means of media education

Mikhaleva G. V.

The article presents the experience of organizing and conducting scientific and practical online workshops from the series “Modern methods and technologies for fostering interethnic tolerance of university students (within the framework of Russian and English-language media education)” aimed at developing interethnic tolerance and culture of modern youth by means of media education based on key media education theories (sociocultural, critical autonomy, semiotic, etc.) widely used in practical media work in Russia and abroad. The author presents specific methods and techniques of media education, as well as exercises that were used to analyse ethnic stereotypes in the student audience.

Key words: media education, interethnic tolerance, student youth, ethnic stereotype, discrimination, racism.

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Civil approach in media education in the CIS countries

Salny R. V.

The article analyzes the development of a civic approach in media education in the CIS countries. The author presents a comparative analysis of the options for the concepts of media educational projects proposed by the researchers in the CIS countries and identifies their distinctive features.

Keywords: media education, civic approach, CIS, media, ideology, critical thinking, manipulation. 

* This article was written with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) as part of research project No. 18-013-00022 “Mass Media Education in the CIS Countries (1992-2020)”, carried out at the Rostov State University of Economics.

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Development of decision support system architecture for solving a 4-D navigation problem

Budkov A. S.

Neretin E. S.

The work is devoted to the analysis of problems in performing the four-dimensional routes, as well as the development of the architecture of a decision support system for simplified procedures of flying in emergency situations during the flight. The developed architecture allows the crew to be provided with the necessary information for decision making in instrument meteorological conditions as well as in conflict situations with other air traffic participants.

Key words: Civil aircraft, integrated modular avionics, flight management system, 4-D navigation, decision support system.

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Justification for requirements for new trapped vortex combustors of aircraft engines

Skorobogatov S. V.

Design and production of aircraft gas-turbine engines and their components is a high-scale and complex process. As separate branches of science develop, technological innovations are implemented and feed-back of their use is received, the design-and-production chain gets more complicated as well. On the one hand, this gives an opportunity to improve the product due to implementation of new ideas and approaches in its design, on the other hand, this brings about growth in the knowledge-intensity and increases the cost of the final product. In its turn, need for improvement of the product is required by the system of continued airworthiness with its standards improving over time as well.

Key words: combustor, aircraft gas-turbine engine, operational requirements, method of justification for requirements, airworthiness.

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