Категория: Literary Criticism

The projection of national history in Vladimir Sorokin’s prose

Bezrukov A. N.

The article attempts to specify the importance of the problem of national history on the example of Vladimir Sorokin’s prose. The poetics of postmodernism in a large mass of its sources – Venediсt Erofeev, Sasha Sokolov, Victor Pelevin, Tatyana Tolstaya, Victor Erofeev, Dmitry Glukhovsky – alters the classical understanding of the development of modern Russia, while externally open nominations of space and time become only an occasion for serious reflection in modernist colors. The purpose of the work is to decipher the national history in the worldview guides of Vladimir Sorokin. Its move for the writer, both in small format and in novel constructs, is fated, impending doom. The factors of the past, the reality of the present, the day of tomorrow are brought together in a single point, a counterpoint, from which there is practically no way out. Vladimir Sorokin emphasizes that Russia has its own special history, its own process of formation, its own life. Consequently, the projection of national history in Vladimir Sorokin’s prose is recorded as a kind of transition of the socio-philosophical order. This gives the reason to talk about the “present” in the mode of variable perspective, which in one way or another will be further transformed and embodied in other frontiers.

Key words: postmodernism, Modern Russian literature, national history, small prose, narrator, Vladimir Sorokin, «The Blizzard», receptive criticism, author, aesthetic reading.

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Trends in contemporary german-language and russian literature about the future

Mueller C. A.

This study presents current trends in approaches to modeling the future in German, Austrian and Russian literature. It becomes obvious that there are differences in the focal points: while Russian future literature deals with the achievements and issues of technological progress, German and Austrian authors concentrate on the sociological and philosophical implications of the technology-based transformations of society. A specialty of Russian future literature is the replication of online games in the written literature.

Key words: Literary Studies, Comparative Studies, Contemporary Literature, Russia, Germany, Austria

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Variants of impersonal poetics as basis of the lyric narration by Irina Astakhova

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Bezrukov A. N.

It is impossible to imagine modern Russian poetry without the creative activity of Irina (Ah) Astakhova. Lyric poetry by Astakhova is a form of differentiation of personal and impersonal as well as male and female. Travesty allows the poet to be original and unique to the reader. Thus, the aesthetic, cultural dialogue with the XIX – XX century does not interrupt but mainly intensifies, transforms into a variable poetic space. Poetic patterns of the lyrics by Irina Astakhova depend on the melody of the text, the depth of emotions and the condensation of the social and philosophical.

Key words: Irina Astakhova, modern poetry, lyrical narrative, impersonal poetics, dialogue, author, reader, receptive criticism.

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“Contemplation” and “experience”: analysis of the ideological content of O. I. Dymov’s story “Vestal” as a reflection of A. Schopenhauer’s views on representation and truth

UDK 82-121 BBK 83.3(2)

Verkhovykh I. A.

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the ideological contents of the story “Vestal” written by the Russian and Jewish writer Osip Isidorovich Dymov. The author of the paper uses the philosophical approach to the formulation of the story’s idea, described in the famous scientific work by Arthur Schopenhauer “The World as Will and Representation”, and conducts a step-by-step comparative analysis of the ways of implementing this idea in Dymov’s story. The paper traces the evolution of the main character’s ideas about the object of his love and makes a conclusion about the dependence of experience on contemplation within the framework of spatial and temporal changes.

Keywords: representation, contemplation, experience, truth, subject, object, space, time.

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Poetics of accidentality and tragicalness in Dina Rubina’s short stories

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Bezrukov A. N.

The poetic categories of accidentality and the tragicalness are some markers of Russian literature. Dina Rubina’s texts confirm the author’s desire to verify the main classics qualification – freedom of choice. Modern literature allows the reader to self-identify with aesthetic extremes, to identify options that are significant in an aesthetic sense, to find an inner desire to move towards an informal-objective ideal.

Keywords: modern Russian literature, Dina Rubina, short story, tragic, occasion, dialogue, comparative studies.

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Narrative strategies in modern literature as a way of extending the horizon of meaning

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Bezrukov A. N.

Modern literature in the bulk of experiments seeks to achieve a certain harmony between form and content. The meanings of fiction are expanded through copyright strategies. Sergei Dovlatov’s prose is an example of the reduction of meaning in the mode of the auctorial layout of the aesthetic whole.

Key words: auctor, receptive criticism, Sergey Dovlatov, style, meaning, story, aesthetic coordinates.

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Word-forming analysis of russian professional jargon of IT-specialists

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Verkhovykh I. A.

The article is devoted to the study of ways of forming professionalisms of IT-specialists. The author notes that the process of forming a professional language of IT-specialists is influenced by many factors: the young age of its speakers, the specifics of the profession, the status hierarchy, the general speech practice, etc. The author compares computer jargon with escapade and draws readers’ attention to a large number of compound words, stylistically reduced synonyms of nouns. The article discusses the ways of grammatical adaptation of individual abbreviations, options for the use of English acronyms and full lexical cognates that meet the requirements of brevity and convenience. The author makes a conclusion about the variability of the ways of forming professionalisms in the field of IT-technologies.

Keywords: рrofessional hierarchy, lexical-derivational professional jargon, lexical-semantic professional jargon, escapade, sociolect, expression, euphemism, deverbatives.

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Psychodrama techniques in lyrical satire by M. Tsvetaeva «Pied piper»

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Verkhovykh I.A.

The article discusses the various psychodrama techniques used by M. I. Tsvetaeva in the lyrical satire «Pied Piper». The author draws attention to the marked reciprocity of the text by Tsvetaeva, which seems an attempt to talk with herself. In this regard, Tsvetaeva violates stylistic unity, employs various syntactic markers and nonce-words. The author pays special attention to the analysis of the techniques of the personification of inanimate objects and their transformation. The author comes to the conclusion about the psychodrama nature of Tsvetaeva’s poetry.

Keywords: Psychodrama, reciprocity, bifurcation, effectiveness, associative chaos, syntactic markers, nonce words, improvisation, personification, transformation.

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Questions of study of the west european epistolograhy of the seventeenth century

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S. V. Testsov

The problems of investigation of the West European epistolary literature of the seventeenth century are studied in this article. The letters of this time reflected not only the public and spirit life of the educated people of France and England, but also represented the individual features of the authors of these epistles.

Keywords: literary; epistolary; correspondence; letter; publication; post; writer; essay; education; style.

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