Категория: Actual problems of education

Structural and functional model of the categorical system of social upbringing in the scientific substantiation

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_4_187

Zulfiya A. Aksyutina

Abstract. The article provides a scientific substantiation of the categorical system of social upbringing based on the structural and functional model developed by the author. The scientific substantiation assumed the designation of the place and function of the model representation in the structure of the scientific substantiation. When conducting research, the author, following V. V. Kraevsky, understood the methodology of pedagogy as “a system of knowledge about the foundations and structure of pedagogical theory, about the principles of approach and methods of obtaining knowledge that reflect pedagogical reality”. Modeling, theoretical analysis and categorical synthesis were used as the main methods. Modeling was used to develop a structural and functional model of the scientific substantiation of the categorical system of social upbringing. The starting point of the model is pedagogical reality, the practical activity of social education in the broad sense as a special sphere of social activity, as part of social reality. They found a description by highlighting the components for theoretical analysis: the field of cognitive description, the normative sphere and the practice of social upbringing. Categorical synthesis was carried out using the pedagogical categories of social upbringing. For further scientific substantiation of the categorical system of social education, a promising direction for the search for mechanisms for the transition from theory to practice, from research to design, from judgments to norms is highlighted.

Key words: social upbringing, categorical system of social upbringing, scientific substantiation, pedagogical category, pedagogical concept, structural-functional model, field of cognitive description, normative sphere, practice of social upbringing.

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Experience in organizing an eco-educational project within the framework of educational work with students in higher education

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_4_198

Anastasia V. Danchevskaya

Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of eco-educational events organizing in higher education organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. The material for the study was the results of the project activities implementation within the framework of a problem-oriented approach on the example of a specific eco-educational event – the ecological forum “Disposable Planet”. The study used general scientific inductive methods, the method of analysis and the search method. The relevance of the topic is due to a number of factors: the actualization of the educational component, the complex environmental situation of the modern world, the weak development of environmental competencies among young people. The paper presents a brief analysis of Russian and foreign scientific literature on the problem of project-based learning in general and the features of environmental education in the form of project activities, in particular. The author presents and analyzes the experience of organizing an eco–educational project – the ecological forum “One-time Life”, held in March 2022 based on the East Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. The relevance and educational orientation of the event in the system of higher education and youth education, as well as in educational institutions of higher education of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation is determined. The practical experience of the implementation of this project and its main results are presented. The main target audience were students of the Institute of 1-4 courses of full-time faculties. The forum allowed to reach 25 people, increase the knowledge, skills and abilities of the forum participants in three areas of environmental education, develop six projects to conduct environmental education events at the university, as well as attract other persons to cooperate with the institute as part of its greening.

Keywords: education, environmental forum, environmental education, organization of events, East Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, ESI of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.

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Legislative regulation of educational work with young people in the higher educational organization

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_3_198

Alexandra S. Seredkina

Abstract. In the article, the author examines the Russian federal regulatory framework regulating the state policy of youth movements, mechanisms for organizing and implementing educational work with young people in educational institutions of higher education, as well as legislative support for the implementation of intellectual education in higher education. The author’s view of the Russian legislation in the field of youth policy and higher education is presented, taking into account the possibilities of the digital educational environment and the need for pedagogical support of talented youth. The article analyzes the legal regulation in the higher education system of such a phenomenon as talented youth. Attention is focused on the need to implement procedures for the formation and development of intellectual education of pedagogical Institute students’ personality. The prerequisites for the integration of the process of intellectual education of students of higher educational institutions into the digital educational environment are formulated. The paper is devoted to the content analysis of the challenges associated with the state order for the education of a fundamentally new generation and the introduction of large-scale digitalization in the Russian education system. The prerequisites for the potential of the digital educational environment in relation to new educational conditions are outlined. The paper concludes that modern processes of personality education require some adjustments of the teacher’s competencies and the formation of intellectual education of students of higher education.

Key words: youth, pedagogical support, educational work, intellectual education, higher school, educational activities, modern educational technologies.

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Forming family communication values in primary school children in the digital educational environment

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_4_146

Lyubov V. Bannikova

Viktorya I. Morozova

Abstract. The article addresses the issue of schoolchildren studying from home by means of e-learning platforms and resources. The authors highlight the importance of family communication values, detailing the specifics of their formation, as well as consider effectiveness of online learning platforms such as Moscow Electronic School (MES) in terms of conducting family-themed lessons for primary school students. Special attention is given to textual and visual content of e-lesson scenarios on the topic of family in terms of their design, perception and educational impact on children. The research is based on a socio-cultural methodological approach and relies on a variety of research methods, including literature review, review of didactic materials, synthesis, generalization. The authors specify criteria for analysis of educational materials as well as how family values and examples of positive family interactions as key value orientations of the modern society are presented in digital educational resources. The article emphasizes the need of maintaining a balance between employing learning tools available within the digital educational environment and preserving the role of the teacher as a transmitter of national, individual and universal values and traditions. The study has practical significance as it provides guidelines for effective selection and updating digital educational content for family-themed lessons in primary schools. These guidelines may aid teachers in accumulating online learning resources with certain substantive and procedural characteristics beneficial for promoting a positive image of the family.

Keywords: digital educational environment, family communication, primary school education.

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Forecasting the development of the regional system of social upbringing

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2022_3_215

Zulfiya A. Aksyutina

Abstract. The analysis of scientific publications has shown that forecasting extrapolates trends and patterns of certain phenomena and processes into the future. Socio-pedagogical forecasting has not been properly developed and tested in practice, which is inherent in its inadequate complexity and versatility. An important feature in pedagogical forecasting is optimistic forecasting with the hope of success. Social upbringing remains poorly understood, and its forecasting in scientific research is not carried out. The purpose of the study is to forecast the development of the regional system of social upbringing in the city of Omsk.

The method of expert assessment was used for forecasting. The opinion of 786 experts who work as teachers of higher educational institutions and secondary specialized educational institutions of the city of Omsk was studied. The dynamics of the changes in the social upbringing in Omsk over five years, the dynamics of changes in individual assistance and social experience in the next five years were assessed; the necessary resources to improve social upbringing and the factors influencing the deterioration of the state of social upbringing were identified.

The respondents expressed a number of opinions regarding the ways of development of regional social upbringing. It was noted that it is more dependent on regional specific features. For a more meaningful development of the system of social upbringing, the support of local governments and their involvement in the existing problems in the field of social upbringing is required. The findings of the current study can be used to further model, design and plan the work on social upbringing in the region. The methodology according to which the study was organized may be of interest for conducting similar studies.

Key words: forecasting, expert assessment method, experts, social upbringing, regional system, forecast, futurology.

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Fostering conscious discipline among students in the process of implementing additional general development dance education program “School of modern dance “Edelweiss”»

УДК 37 ББК 74.200.5

N.P. Filatova

The activity of the school of modern dance “Edelweiss” is represented by three workshops:  “Choreographic art”, “Modern dance”, “Children’s pop dance” and is aimed at achieving personal, metasubject, substantive results. The article presents the criteria and a set of methods for the study of the level of adoption of conscious discipline of students in the implementation of additional general development program on choreography “School of modern dance “Edelweiss”.

Keywords: school of modern dance, choreography classes, additional education, personal results, discipline, conscious discipline, fostering of conscious discipline, additional general development program.

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The role of ecology of sound in musical education

UDC 372.878 BBK 28.081

Trubina Z. I.

The article tries to reveal the relationship between psycho-emotional state of people and the environment, as the condition of the human inner world is one of the reasons for the ecological changes in the environment.

The environment is not only the preservation of nature. The environment created by the culture of our ancestors and ourselves is not less important. Under the influence of sounds people can educate and adjust themselves to the environmentally friendly behaviour.

The American scientist J. T. Titon and the Russian researcher Eugene Nazaikinskii wrote about musical culture as an ecological system and the relationships of man as the subject of nature with it.

In many Russian cities there is a number of ways to join musical culture, to participate in solving common problems with the help of music ecology. These are children’s musical schools, art colleges, ensembles at the Philharmonic palaces that foster environmental consciousness of townspeople and improve their psycho-emotional and physical health through classical music.

Keywords: ecology of sound, environmental awareness, classical music.

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The content and forms of education of moral culture in the work of the school museum

UDC 37.018.1 BBK 74.902

Visingiriev A. A.

The article reveals the contents and forms of educational work of the school museum, promoting moral education of students. It also highlights the stages of forming moral culture of students and examines the effectiveness of these activities.

Key words: museum; school; moral education; stages of identity formation.

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The theory of moral education of schoolchildren

UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Muryukina E. V., Bubnova Yu. A.

The article describes the basic theory of moral education presented in Russian and Western science; levels and components of moral development; factors influencing the effectiveness of schoolchildren’s moral education. We have studied the well-known theory of moral development offered by L. Kohlberg. V. A. Sukhomlinsky believed that the main purpose of the pedagogical process is the comprehensive development of schoolchildren’s personality, where the development of moral sphere is the primary and essential factor. Moral education, according to I. F. Kharlamov, is effective when you include schoolchildren in a variety of activities.

Key words: moral development; theories; L. Kohlberg; I. F. Kharlamov, V. A. Sukhomlinsky; levels; schoolchildren; moral qualities.

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The role of modern family in the formation of personality

UDC 37.018.1 BBK 74.902

Ayrapetova V. V.

The article deals with the role of the modern family in the formation of personality. It highlights the main directions to solve the problem of optimization of family relations. It characterizes the role of a tradition in the process of family education.

Key words: family; family education; formation of personality; traditions.

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