Категория: Dialectology

Phonetic characteristics of mixed west-middle german dialect of Krasnoyarsk region (based on culinary recipe texts of russian germans)

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_183

Larisa I. Moskalyuk

Tatiana W. Korbmakher

Abstract. The article aims to consider the phonetic features of island Russian-German dialects of the Krasnoyarsk region. The research material was the author’s corpus of oral texts of culinary recipes recorded by digital audio recording during dialectological expeditions to the former German villages of the Krasnoyarsk region. General phonetic features of the studied High German dialects of the Germans of the Krasnoyarsk region (settlers from the Volga region and their descendants), reflected in the dialect texts of culinary recipes, transmit the features characteristic of the West Middle German dialect area with a Rhenish-Frankish basis. Consonantal changes illustrate the nature of the second (High German) movement of Germanic consonants of the specified dialect area.

The phonetic features of the German dialects of the Krasnoyarsk region, described in the article on the material of the culinary recipe texts, clarify the existing views about the current state of the island dialect language system, the description of which is important for further study of German dialectology and the theory of languages interaction.

Keywords: phonetic features, Russian Germans, culinary recipes, literary language, dialect, foreign language environment.

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Metalanguage in modern german fairy tales for adults in dialect

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_1_251

Vera B. Merkuryeva

Natal’ya S. Novolodskaya

Abstract. The object of the article is mostly modern german humorous fairy tales for adults in dialect. Thoughts on the language, clarification of language points, comments on some lexemes, grammatical and stylistic phenomena are typical for all german-speaking writers working in different genres. A modern author’s fairy tale as a type of text also reflects the interest of its authors in certain linguistic points. The article analyzes examples of metalanguage, metacommunication in dialect about dialect, as well as in some cases about literary or foreign-language inclusions.  Various pragmatic effects created by metalanguage passages within the textotype of the fairy tale are studied.

Keywords: dialect, standard language, author’s fairy tale for adults, metalanguage, metacommunication, humor.

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Francien dialect and scripta: features of franciеn scripta

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_2_108

Lydia A. Stanovaïa

Abstract. The corpus of franciеn manuscripts is sufficient for an in-depth study of the francien scripta. The paradoxical opinion of certain researchers affirming the total absence of written attestations of Francien, is linked to the imperfect and often discutable localization of several French manuscripts, including franciens. The important features of franciеn scripta are the following: (1) coexistence of two scriptural norms (etymological and analogical) of the graphic representation of the nominal declension; (2) homogeneity of language usage, ensured by the majority use of franciеn Forms; (3) respect of protographs that franciеn copyists modified with moderation.

Keywords: history of the French language; historical dialectology; scriptology; dialect; scriptа.

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Affixation as a type of term formation based on components Dialekt/Mundart

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_1_118

Inna V. Senina

Svetlana Y. Pozdnyakova

Abstract. The article deals with the main types of affixation as one of the leading mechanisms of term formation based on the components Dialekt / Mundart, which are the basic concepts of German dialectology. The main attention is paid to the identification of productive affixes, on the basis of which terms are able to form new terminological nests. The predominant use of affixes of Greek-Latin origin, as well as affixes of borrowed nouns and adjectives, allows to indicate the tendency for the further consolidation of the borrowed term Dialekt as the most commonly used.

Keywords: affixation, derivation, term, term formation, terminological nest, dialect, dialectology.

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Francien dialect and scripta: contours of the francien scriptural zone

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_1_97

Lydia A. Stanovaïa

Abstract. The franciеn scriptural zone includes the scripta of Paris, Orléanais, Soissons, Senlis and Compiègne. The scripta of Burgundy constitute particular scripta. The status of scripta of Berry and Turraine requires a specialized study. The francien scriptural zone, medieval, corresponds in broad lines, but not totally, to the dialectal zone, current. The territory of the francien scriptural and dialectal zones does not correspond to that of the current Region of Île-de-France.

Keywords: history of the French language, historical dialectology, scriptology, dialect, scriptа.

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On the issue of differentiation between-the concepts “term” and “pre-term” (on the material of german terminology used in the field of dialectology)

UDK 811.11-112  BBK 81.432.4

Inna Senina

The article deals with the main characteristics of terminology used in the field of German dialectology that allow to distinguish classes of terms and pre-terms. Figurativeness and long constructions are considered to be the main criteria which prevent a pre-term from coming into scientific use as a term.

Keywords: Term, pre-term, distinctive features of a term, terminology science, German dialectology, dialect.

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Ferdinand Wrede and Victor Maximovich Zhirmunsky: correspondence on the German dialectology and lingvoetnography

UDC 811.112.2 BBK 81.20

Puzeikina L. N.

This article is based on a paper, read at the 43rd International Philological Conference at the St. Petersburg State University, timed to coincide with the 150th anniversary of the birth of the famous German linguist, Ferdinand Wrede. The main area of Wrede’s interest was the German dialectology and dialectography. Being the successor of George Wenker, Wrede had a significant influence on the development of the German dialectological atlas. Wrede’s dialektographical studies had a significant impact on the well-known Russian philologist Viktor Zhirmunsky, who conducted collecting and research activities in German colonies in the USSR in 1920s. Presented in the paper, fragments of two scientists’correspondence refer to this period and reveal the origins of some V. M. Zhirmunsky’s ideas concerning research in the German settlements in the USSR.

Key words: V.M. Zhirmunski; epistolary heritage; correspondence; dialectology; German dialects; German colonies in Russia; Ferdinand Wrede; Der Deutsche Sprachatlas; DSA

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