Категория: # 1, 2024

Aviatekhpom: status and prospects

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_146

Aleksandr Yu. Yurin

Yuri V. Kotlov

Abstract. This paper discusses the results of a project to create an intelligent decision support system for troubleshooting aircraft failures and malfunctions by the Aviation Technical Assistant (AviaTekhPom). The main implemented algorithms, functions, architecture and prototype of the system are described, as well as the further direction of the project development. The Sukhoi Superjet power supply system was chosen as the target object for testing solutions. The current version of the system provides processing of information presented in cards of accounting of malfunctions of aviation equipment and troubleshooting manuals, based on approaches known as rule-based reasoning and case-based reasoning. For preparation and modification of knowledge bases, a tabular formalism of knowledge representation is used, which provides the possibility of using publicly available tabular editors and CSV format. The developed algorithms are implemented in the form of conceptual prototypes of a desktop application and a chatbot.

Keywords: AviaTekhPom, intelligent system, diagnostics of aircraft systems and complexes, power supply system, Sukhoi Superjet, desktop application, chat-bot.

Download article in PDF 1.5 MB

Some proposals for increasing use of visual aids when studying the design and flight operation of aviation equipment

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_166

Anatoly F. Penno

Yury P. Belovodsky

Abstract. This article discusses the issue of increasing the use of the visual aids of the educational process when studying aviation technology at a flight school. An analysis of the educational and methodological complex of the educational disciplines selected for the study was carried out. The contradictions between the increasing requirements for the training of an aviation specialist and the possibilities of its training in modern conditions are identified. The introduction of simulation dynamic 2D models into the training process of flight personnel is justified as a way of increasing the use of visual aids of educational material taught. A version of a computer program for creating 2D models is presented. Using the example of the author’s developments, the advantage of simulating dynamic 2D models in studying the design and operation of aircraft and engine systems and assemblies is shown.

An analysis of the results of the implementation of developed innovations to improve visual aids was carried out. An increase in the performance of cadets in theoretical training before flying the aircraft under study was recorded.

The recommendations for the development of 2D models and their use in the learning process are also offered.

Key words: aviation equipment, construction, operation, academic discipline, teaching, visual aids, simulated dynamic 2D models.

Download article in PDF 2.7 MB

Methodological support for the implementation of international flight safety standards in russian civil aviation

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_37

Anatoly G. Guziy

Anastasia A. Shpakovskaya

Alexey S. Muravyov

Abstract. The present paper delves into the challenge of implementing international flight safety standards into the Russian regulatory framework governing the establishment, application, and refinement of aviation safety management systems (SMS) in the civil aviation sector in Russia. It underscores the reliance of SMS regulatory adherence on the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) set forth by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The paper conducts an examination of prevailing discrepancies, indeterminacies, and ambiguities in delineating core terms and concepts within the English and Russian renditions of ICAO SARPs documentation. Furthermore, it offers an evaluation of the implementation hurdles associated with SARPs in regulatory documentation pertaining to civil aviation flight safety in Russia. The deficiencies in the regulatory infrastructure for flight safety in Russia are substantiated. Drawing from practical insights gained in formulating and improving regulatory and methodological support for SMS in prominent Russian airlines, the paper proposes measures to mitigate inaccuracies and uncertainties in the integration of ICAO SARPs editions within the Russian regulatory framework for aviation industry service providers.

Keywords: international standards, regulatory support, implementation, methodological support, aviation safety, risk, factors.

Download article in PDF 462.0 kB

Teacher as a participant in criminal proceedings

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_206

Ekaterina Z. Sidorova

Evgeny G. Usov

Abstract. The field of education is very extensive and diverse. It includes various industries and directions. It is safe to say that the elements of the educational system, its participants somehow come into contact with various aspects of our life. Such an area of public relations as the sphere of criminal proceedings, which develops in connection with the commission of crimes by individual citizens, has not become an exception. In such cases, the guilty person is obliged to be justly punished. However, before such a punishment is imposed, the process of bringing a person to criminal responsibility established by law must take place. It is in this process that teachers and psychologists often take part. The purpose of this study is to address the legal status of a teacher participating in criminal proceedings and performing certain functions established by the legislator. It seems to the authors of this study that the appeal to the topic of the legal status of a teacher in criminal proceedings has not only theoretical, but also applied significance, since it gives citizens an idea of the role of a pedagogical worker in the field of criminal proceedings that develops in connection with the commission of a criminal offense by one or another person.

Keywords: teacher, minor, criminal proceedings, legal status, criminal liability, psychological assistance.

Download article in PDF 379.4 kB

Phonetic characteristics of mixed west-middle german dialect of Krasnoyarsk region (based on culinary recipe texts of russian germans)

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_183

Larisa I. Moskalyuk

Tatiana W. Korbmakher

Abstract. The article aims to consider the phonetic features of island Russian-German dialects of the Krasnoyarsk region. The research material was the author’s corpus of oral texts of culinary recipes recorded by digital audio recording during dialectological expeditions to the former German villages of the Krasnoyarsk region. General phonetic features of the studied High German dialects of the Germans of the Krasnoyarsk region (settlers from the Volga region and their descendants), reflected in the dialect texts of culinary recipes, transmit the features characteristic of the West Middle German dialect area with a Rhenish-Frankish basis. Consonantal changes illustrate the nature of the second (High German) movement of Germanic consonants of the specified dialect area.

The phonetic features of the German dialects of the Krasnoyarsk region, described in the article on the material of the culinary recipe texts, clarify the existing views about the current state of the island dialect language system, the description of which is important for further study of German dialectology and the theory of languages interaction.

Keywords: phonetic features, Russian Germans, culinary recipes, literary language, dialect, foreign language environment.

Download article in PDF 470.4 kB

Method for predicting the probability of dangerous gusts of wind in the runway area when landing an aircraft

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_57

Vitalii D. Rubtsov

Elena I. Trusova

Alexandra L. Rybalkina

Abstract. The authors propose a method of predicting the probability of occurrence of dangerous gusts of wind in the runway area during landing of an aircraft, based on the use of the distribution of absolute maximum wind gusts during the observation period. The method makes it possible to design an aircraft landing system that allows, depending on the probability of wind gusts, to make various management decisions: permission to land, sending the aircraft on a go-around, or sending it to an alternate airfield.

Keywords: gusts of wind, probabilistic description, flight safety, aircraft, theory of emissions of random processes, recording device on a probing beam.

Download article in PDF 892.5 kB

Provocation as a pedagogical technique for developing skills of critical thinking at english lessons at a technical university

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_195

Tatyana Yu. Portnova 

Abstract. The paper is continuation of the author’s works aimed at developing skills of technical students’ critical thinking at English lessons. The research subject includes provocative techniques which were tested when teaching English and Aviation English the first-fourth academic year students at MSTU CA, Irkutsk branch. The author analyses the positive, constructive potential and efficiency of provocations and demonstrates variants of using provocative techniques in learning situations. Various forms of provocations in educational environment are of certain research interest. Practical significance of the work is in developing exercises with the use of provocations on professionally oriented material for aviation specialists’ training.

Key words: critical thinking, provocation, Aviation English, emotions.

Download article in PDF 354.4 kB

Synthesis of an algorithm for estimating parameters of a multiposition surveillance system and research of filtering divergence

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_78

Vyacheslav V. Erokhin

Boris V. Lezhankin

Dmitry Y. Urbansky

Abstract. The accuracy of aircraft position measurements directly affects flight safety and is one of the most important tactical characteristics. The introduction of new advanced surveillance tools, such as multi-position surveillance systems (MPSS), can significantly increase the level of flight safety, as well as improve the efficiency of airspace use. The authors consider the task of improving the quality of MPSS functioning and increasing the accuracy of estimating the aircraft coordinates. The accuracy of position-fixing is determined by the error in measuring the time of signal arrival under the influence of noise and interference. Random disturbances must be taken into account to ensure high-quality MPSS operation. This is achieved by applying the methods of Kalman filtration theory. Therefore, to solve the problem of estimating the MPSS state variables, it is proposed to use a Kalman filter (KF). The effectiveness of using the Kalman filter depends on the adequacy of mathematical models and real processes. Model inaccuracies associated with the functioning of navigation systems lead to KF divergence. The paper presents the results of theoretical studies and simulating the MPSS functioning processes based on the implementation of the KF algorithm.

Keywords: Kalman filter, divergence of the filtering process, estimation algorithm, multi-position surveillance system, random disturbances, aircraft.

Download article in PDF 802.6 kB

Establishing the possibility of implementing the plan during centralized transportation of cargo by road transport in cities

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_157

Evgeny E. Vitvitsky

Roxana E. Shipitsyna

Abstract. The article presents one of the possible transport situations obtained by solving the routing problem. The article outlines an approach to executing the transportation plan obtained when solving the routing problem when using various methods of organizing cargo transportation and “Incoterms” conditions. The authors come to the conclusion that it is possible to use the territorial method of centralized transportation of goods by road in cities in modern practice.

Keywords: routing method, matrix of combined plans, transport situations, routes, transportation plan, centralized transportation, transport method.

Download article in PDF 335.0 kB

Control of the flight path of an unmanned aerial vehicle with different configurations of navigation information sources

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2024_1_113

Boris V. Lezhankin

Vyacheslav V. Erokhin

Nikolay P. Malisov

Abstract. In real conditions of application for high-precision positioning and trajectory control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) when flying along a route, insufficient noise immunity and operating accuracy of satellite navigation system receivers are manifested. In this regard, it is relevant to study possible methods and means of providing high-precision navigation definitions based on complex processing of signals from various sources of navigation information when solving the problem of displaying a UAV in a terminal set.

The article presents the results of developing a UAV trajectory control algorithm based on methods of statistical optimal control theory, the implementation of which will improve the accuracy of maintaining a given flight route. The characteristics for analyzing errors in maintaining the flight path are considered.

The results of modeling and research of the characteristics of the trajectory control algorithm for various configurations of navigation information sources (NIS) are presented and the dependence of the accuracy of maintaining a given UAV flight route on errors in estimating navigation parameters is shown.

Keywords: trajectory control, unmanned aerial vehicle, Letov-Kalman algorithm, sources of navigation information, automatic dependent surveillance.

Download article in PDF 965.8 kB

« Older Entries