Категория: General Linguistics

Entry of arabic lexical units into the french language

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_2_

Tamara V. Slastnikova

Abstract. The aim of the present article is to study the stages of occurrence of arabisms in the French language in order to identify the movement of the French vocabulary`s layer of Arabic origin. In this article the definition of a borrowing is given, taking into consideration the fact that in linguistic literature the question on what a loan word is is still debatable. In the article significant phases in the history of arabisms in the French language are given, the actual problem of adaptation of Arabic vocabulary in the French language environment is addressed. For the first time the vocabulary of Arabic origin in the French language is considered and analysed in the comparative study of dictionaries of the three centuries, namely: M. Devic, “Dictionnaire étymologique des mots d’origine orientale” (XIX), A. Dauzat, “Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique et historique” (XX) and Dictionnaire Larousse français monolingue et bilingues en ligne (XXI). It allows to designate the period most accurately in the history of the French language when Arabic lexical units were borrowed most intensively.

Keywords: borrowing, Arabic lexical units, diachrony, vocabulary of the French language, intermediary language, historicism.

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Metalanguage in modern german fairy tales for adults in dialect

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2023_1_251

Vera B. Merkuryeva

Natal’ya S. Novolodskaya

Abstract. The object of the article is mostly modern german humorous fairy tales for adults in dialect. Thoughts on the language, clarification of language points, comments on some lexemes, grammatical and stylistic phenomena are typical for all german-speaking writers working in different genres. A modern author’s fairy tale as a type of text also reflects the interest of its authors in certain linguistic points. The article analyzes examples of metalanguage, metacommunication in dialect about dialect, as well as in some cases about literary or foreign-language inclusions.  Various pragmatic effects created by metalanguage passages within the textotype of the fairy tale are studied.

Keywords: dialect, standard language, author’s fairy tale for adults, metalanguage, metacommunication, humor.

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Francien dialect and scripta: features of franciеn scripta

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_2_108

Lydia A. Stanovaïa

Abstract. The corpus of franciеn manuscripts is sufficient for an in-depth study of the francien scripta. The paradoxical opinion of certain researchers affirming the total absence of written attestations of Francien, is linked to the imperfect and often discutable localization of several French manuscripts, including franciens. The important features of franciеn scripta are the following: (1) coexistence of two scriptural norms (etymological and analogical) of the graphic representation of the nominal declension; (2) homogeneity of language usage, ensured by the majority use of franciеn Forms; (3) respect of protographs that franciеn copyists modified with moderation.

Keywords: history of the French language; historical dialectology; scriptology; dialect; scriptа.

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Affixation as a type of term formation based on components Dialekt/Mundart

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_1_118

Inna V. Senina

Svetlana Y. Pozdnyakova

Abstract. The article deals with the main types of affixation as one of the leading mechanisms of term formation based on the components Dialekt / Mundart, which are the basic concepts of German dialectology. The main attention is paid to the identification of productive affixes, on the basis of which terms are able to form new terminological nests. The predominant use of affixes of Greek-Latin origin, as well as affixes of borrowed nouns and adjectives, allows to indicate the tendency for the further consolidation of the borrowed term Dialekt as the most commonly used.

Keywords: affixation, derivation, term, term formation, terminological nest, dialect, dialectology.

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Francien dialect and scripta: contours of the francien scriptural zone

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_1_97

Lydia A. Stanovaïa

Abstract. The franciеn scriptural zone includes the scripta of Paris, Orléanais, Soissons, Senlis and Compiègne. The scripta of Burgundy constitute particular scripta. The status of scripta of Berry and Turraine requires a specialized study. The francien scriptural zone, medieval, corresponds in broad lines, but not totally, to the dialectal zone, current. The territory of the francien scriptural and dialectal zones does not correspond to that of the current Region of Île-de-France.

Keywords: history of the French language, historical dialectology, scriptology, dialect, scriptа.

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Studying the buryat heroic epic “Geser” at school

UDK 82 (571.54) BBK 83.3 S 57

Sodnomov S. Ts.

The paper discusses the features of the literary development of schoolchildren and the possibility of developing their verbal skills in the process of studying the Buryat heroic epic “Geser” in the Buryat school.

Keywords: literary development in the Buryat language, Buryat heroic epic, the development of verbal skills of schoolchildren, epithet, hyperbole, metaphor, alliterating words, comparison.

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On the issue of differentiation between-the concepts “term” and “pre-term” (on the material of german terminology used in the field of dialectology)

UDK 811.11-112  BBK 81.432.4

Inna Senina

The article deals with the main characteristics of terminology used in the field of German dialectology that allow to distinguish classes of terms and pre-terms. Figurativeness and long constructions are considered to be the main criteria which prevent a pre-term from coming into scientific use as a term.

Keywords: Term, pre-term, distinctive features of a term, terminology science, German dialectology, dialect.

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The problems of morality in the works of D. Sultimov (comment on the book “Sagay erkhe” ‘Dictates of time’)

UDC 82 (571.54) BBK 83.3(2Рос.Бур)

Sodnomov S. Ts.

The article is devoted to the analysis of the novelette by D. Sultimov “Sagai Erkhe” ‘Dictates of Time’, which raises one of the most important problems – the problem of morality. The author shows the intergenerational relationship on basis of deep knowledge of customs and traditions of the Buryats.

Keywords: contemporary literature, moral and philosophical problems, traditional culture.

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The problem of the relationship between the younger and older generations in the novel by D. Sultimov «Sagai erhe ‘The call of the time’»

UDC 82 (571.54) BBK 83.3(2Рос.Бур)

Sodnomov S. Ts.

The article is devoted to the analysis of the novel by D. Sultimov «Sagai Erche ‘The Call of The Time ‘», in which one of the most important problems is raised – the problem of the relationship between the younger and older generations. The relationship in the family between parents and children influences the way the person will treat other people in the future, the choice of moral principles and the decision what will be the most important and holiest for him. In the conditions of a multinational republic, the most important stabilizing factor is national culture. It is the basis of interethnic communication, a fount of wisdom, a store of pedagogical thought and moral health.

Key words: relationship between the younger and older generations, customs and traditions, respect, understanding, family, national culture.


Ниитэтэлэл соо Д. Сультимовай «Сагай эрхэ» гэһэн туужа дотор эсэгэ үринэрэй дундын харилсаанай асуудалнууд харуулагдаhаниие шүүмжэлэгдэнэ. Буряад арадай мүнөө үеын байдал, арадаймнай заншал, соёл, ёhо энэ туужа дотор харуулагдаһаниинь тэмдэглэгдэнэ.

Тулгалха үгэнүүд: туужа, эсэгэ үринэрэй харилсаан, заншал, соёл, ёhо, мүнөө үеын байдал.

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Stylistic functions of comparative constructions in poetry of Dondok Ulzytuev

Дондог Улзытуевай шүлэгүүд соохи зэргэсүүлгэнүүдэй найруулга тухай

UDC 894.23(092) BBK 83.3Бу-8

Tagarova T. B.

The article describes the stylistic functions of comparative constructions in poetry of Dondok Ulzytuev enhancing artistic expressiveness of the poems. Comparisons help to build images, inspired by a picture of the world of the poet-singer of the steppe Motherland, love for mother, women, nature. Comparisons are formed by repetition, parallelism, etc., to create a particularly bright, convex pictures of nature, at the same time expressing philosophical views of the author, distinguished by a deep psychologism and lyricism.

Key words: stylistics; comparison; reference; trope; detailed; simple; repetition; parallelism; philosophy; psychology; love; nature; mother; sea; artistic; image; original; traditional.

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