Категория: State and law

Preschool education and criminal law: relationship between concepts

DOI 10.51955/23121327_2022_2_

Ekaterina Z. Sidorova

Abstract. The author of the article addresses an unusual topic. In this paper, an attempt was made to correlate such social institutions as preschool education and criminal law. The author analyzes these concepts and in the research process concludes that these institutions have certain points of contact. In order to identify the general level of preschool teachers’ knowledge of the basics of criminal law, the author conducted a survey among educators and came to the conclusion that in most cases educators do not even have a general idea of what criminal law is, how important it is to know about the types of criminal penalties and how exactly knowledge about criminal law can help an educator in his work. In our opinion, knowledge of the basics of criminal law is necessary for the educator and, undoubtedly, will help him in performing his professional functions. Knowing about the negative consequences that may occur if a teacher commits a crime, including in relation to his pupil, an educator will be more attentive and responsible to his work duties.

Keywords: education system, criminal law, preschool education, interdisciplinary communication, criminal responsibility, teachers, educators, rights of pupils, rights and duties of children.

Download article in PDF 325.7 kB

Modern problems of prevention of juvenile delinquency in the Irkutsk region

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_3_244

Ekaterina Z. Sidorova

Sergey V. Gabeev

Abstract. The topic of preventing juvenile delinquency is very broad and multifaceted. In this article, the authors address the current problems that, in their opinion, hinder the implementation of high-quality prevention of illegal behavior of adolescents at the level of the Irkutsk region. The issues of the current state of juvenile delinquency are discussed, and the structure of this type of crime is highlighted. Some general and specific problems of juvenile delinquency prevention (specific to the Irkutsk region) are revealed. In particular, such problems as the “transfer” of modern crime to the virtual sphere, the unfavorable socio-economic situation in the country and the region, the deformation of the family institution, the high level of criminalization of society, the lack of control of minors and their lack of activities in public, sports, cultural and other socially significant life are highlighted. At the end of the study, the authors come to the conclusion that it is necessary to adjust the methods used at the present stage of prevention of youth crime in our region. In order to influence the crime of minors in the Irkutsk region, it is necessary to develop a unified regional state program for the prevention of juvenile delinquency. The authors state that the development of such a program is a very complex, time-consuming and responsible work that must be carried out with the participation of specialists and criminologists.

Keywords: juvenile delinquency, criminological prevention, crime prevention, deviant behavior, crime in the Irkutsk region, general social prevention, early prevention.

Download article in PDF 300.4 kB

Federal government policy in the field of prevention of suicides

Sidorova E. Z.

Anti-suicidal state policy refers to the purposeful activities of state and local self-government bodies aimed at combating suicide. One of the levels of state policy in the field of suicide prevention is the Federal level. State policy is manifested in the adopted and implemented legal acts. Analysis of a number of Federal documents aimed at combating suicides showed that many issues at the national level in this area are still not resolved.

Key words: suicide; suicidal behavior; suicide prevention; anti-suicidal measures; suicide prevention levels.

Download article in PDF 224.0 kB

Testimony as evidence in russian law in XVIII-XIX centuries

UDK 343 BBK 67.408

Sidorova E. Z.

The paper is devoted to the historical and legal analysis of the existence and development of testimony as one of the types of evidence in the criminal law of Russia of the past centuries. The author points out that the legislator mentions the rights and duties of witnesses both in the XVIII and XIX centuries. Nevertheless, the scope of witness rights and obligations in Russian criminal and criminal procedure legislation of the XVIII and XIX centuries was different. The author connects their more detailed regulation with the development of Russian law.

Key words: criminal law, witness, criminal procedure, history of criminal law.

Download article in PDF 192.9 kB

To a question of powers of the Constitutional court of the Russian Federation in the rule-making sphere

UDC 342.565.2 BBK 67.300

Ostapovich I. Iu.

In article experience of the constitutional control in foreign countries and possibility of use of their powers in practice of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation is analyzed. Powers of Committee of the constitutional supervision are investigated. It is offered that some of them gain today special relevance regarding investment of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation with them. Practice of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation is analyzed where it is specified that granting to the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation of powers on implementation of preliminary constitutional control of drafts of the laws establishing or strengthening criminal, administrative or other types of responsibility looks positive. Besides, elements of preliminary constitutional control could play a positive role regarding elimination of «excess rule-making».

Key words: Constitutional court of the Russian Federation, power, preliminary constitutional control, «excess rule-making».

Download article (280 Kb)