Категория: Comparative Pedagogics

The problem of developing students’ independent work skills as a pressing issue requiring discussion

DOI 10.51955/23121327_2022_2_209

Shekerbek Z. Kurmankulov

Tazagul T. Tashtanbekova

Maria K. Zhoroeva

Ul A. Mamatova

Abstract. The article presents the results of a survey of teachers in the Kyrgyz Republic concerning organizing students’ independent work in teaching practice. Strengths and weaknesses of developing students’ independence in teaching science and math disciplines were systematized, difficulties in organizing students’ independent work were revealed and analyzed and their understanding will allow the strategy of teacher training to be changed. The urgency of the conducted study is due to the search of means of involving teachers in discussion of difficult issues of modern education in implementing the new state standard adopted in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Key words: independence, independent work, self-education, self-improvement, students, survey, individualization, differentiation, competence approach.

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Reading literacy in Kazakhstan and lifelong learning from the perspectives of different ages

DOI 10.51955/2312-1327_2021_2_203

Gaysha E. Imambayeva

Aigul B. Akhmetova 

Abstract. The article considers the importance of reading literacy as a part of lifelong learning. The significance of reading process in lifelong learning is recognized as a necessary factor for further development of human beings, which should be practiced and experienced throughout life. Moreover, the statement of lifelong learning in Kazakhstan is represented as an example, where reading literacy level and the reviews of international survey assessment should be taken into account. The measurement of reading literacy among Kazakhstani young adolescents demonstrated poor results, which may be considered as worrisome for further literacy development. As literacy level is a pivotal and beneficial issue in lifelong learning, a brief review of various life-learning strategies in well-developed countries represents that people of different ages may start learning process voluntary at any age of their adulthood.  The learning process is considered to be of high quality, it is in high demand and may be far from traditional education.  The analysis  of specific features in educational experience of well-developed countries contributes to the widespread use and implementation of lifelong education in the structure of education in Kazakhstan, which is represented in the form of a “mind map” framework as  a  way of promoting reading literacy level throughout life.

Keywords: lifelong learning, perspectives, teachers, learners, adults, literacy, reading skills, abilities, comprehension, assessment.

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Organizational-pedagogical conditions of readiness of teachers in rural schools of Kyrgyzstan to implement the state educational standards of new generation

UDK 372.853. (575.2)(043.3) BBK 74.04(3)

Kurmankulov Sh. Zh.

Joroev A. K.

The article presents important organizational and pedagogical conditions (necessary and sufficient), providing a stable reform of the secondary general education system in Kyrgyzstan. The author uses the competence-based approach to the consideration of pedagogical phenomena, reveals the specificity of both innovative activity and readiness of a rural school teacher. A brief review of the current state of secondary general education system in Kyrgyzstan is given.

Key words: innovation, new paradigm, educational standard, competence, concept, technology of education, educational base, educational environment, traditional lesson, factors.

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The implementation of an innovative approach to education in the Kyrgyz republic

UDK 372.853. (575.2)(043.3)  BBK 74.202.5

Sh. J. Kurmankulov

V. K. Beshkempirova

In this article the authors considered the features of innovative learning organization in the Kyrgyz Republic on the example of General secondary education. The innovative approach of learning carries new ways of interaction “teacher-student” in the training process, aims to improve the efficiency of the education.

Keywords: didactics, innovation, innovative approach, new paradigm, educational standard, learning technology, traditional learning, innovative learning.

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Protective inhibition of intellectual potential of students when learning new educational materials

UDC 372.853. (575.2)(043.3)  BBK 74.202.4

Sh. J. Kurmankulov

Т. Т. Tashtanbekova

The article considers changes and development of students’ intellectual potentials caused by learning new materials or knowledge. The authors prove that not all students can always learn any educational material because of the impediments retarding intellectual functioning of students for objective and subjective reasons.

Keyword: innovation, new paradigm, teaching technology, intellect, intellectual potential, mental energy, permanent knowledge, educational background, protective inhibition, reflection.

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Experience of vocational guidance work in the People’s Republic of China: teachers only open doors, further you go

UDC 37 BBK 74.04(3)

Barbasheva L. Yu.

The article summarizes the experience of vocational guidance work, which is periodically carried out by higher educational institutions of Irkutsk in the system of school education of the People’s Republic of China. Methods of organizing high school acquaintances with the offered spectrum of educational services by Irkutsk universities are considered.

Keywords: China, school education, student, vocational guidance work.

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Stages of Mary Richmond’s professional life in the context of socio-historical dynamics

UDC 378.2 BBK 74.58

Julia A. Paschenko, Marina P. Tselykh

The article is devoted to the periodization of Mary Richmond’s professional life. It gives three stages of her professional formation: Baltimore period (1888-1900), Philadelphia period (1900-1909) and New York period (1909-1928). It shows the features and characteristics of each of the selected periods.

Keywords: social work, social welfare, vocational training, periodization, case method.

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“Necessary” and “sufficient” conditions providing competence-based learning of Kyrgyzstan’s pupils

UDC 378.1:37.0 BBK 74

Kurmankulov Sh. Zh., Sataeva L. A.

The article deals with the question “What qualities must a specialist possess to meet modern requirements in Kyrgyzstan?” The authors state that the training of competent cadres requires “necessary” and “sufficient” conditions for the educational system. Components of the conditions and their complementarity are shown.

Key words: educational system; learning technology; quality of knowledge; creativity; competence; competency; medium of instruction.

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The motive force of independent cognitive process of pupils

UDC 370.12.53 BBK 74.261.7

Kurmankulov Sh. Zh.

The paper considers the reasons of unsuccessful self-study of the pupils at rural secondary schools in Kyrgyzstan. The need and necessity to organize independent learning of pupils at secondary schools is shown. Leverage to systematize the independent cognition of pupils and the motive force of independent learning and cognition are defined.

Key words: education technology; teaching methods; cognitive activity; competence; creative thinking; analysis; synthesis; memorizing; motive force; systematics.

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Application of the Mary Richmond’s concept to practice of professional education of social workers in the USA

UDC 36:[364.041] BBK 74.489:86

Pashchenko Ju. A.

The article studies the problem of application of the Mary Richmond’s concept to the system of professional social-pedagogical education in the USA and describes the main ways to solve social problems in America at the initial stage of social work as a profession.

Key words: Mary Richmond, social-pedagogical professional education, “Settlement”, welfare.

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